By legal definitions 79% of Indians are Hindus but amongst these 79% Hindus, approximately 80% of Hindus are lower/backward castes (defined as SC, ST and OBCs under the law) who have been brutally dishonoured in the Hindu scriptures by various epithets (shudra, impure, untouchables, etc.) and have been mercilessly exploited and subjugated in practice for thousands of years by the minority upper caste Hindus, so much so that Kancha Ilaiah specifically refers the OBCs as the historically oppressed majority in India who do not protest because they so brainwashed by the diversionary tactics of the Brahmins.
Even today, despite being the Bahujans (majority) in terms of population, these communities, especially the OBCs (52%) are vastly under-represented in the Indian public institutions. Indian public institutions (including social, religious, educational, administrative, military, industrial and financial institutions) continue to be controlled by a few Hindu upper castes in whose minds the notions of caste/race/blood based superiority and the notion of entitlement and privilege as a birthright is deeply entrenched. Considering their socio-economic backwardness and historical subordination, Dr. BR Ambedkar secured these Bahujans (the majority- SCs, STs and OBCs) some special safeguards in the Indian constitution in terms of reservation of seats in government jobs, elections, etc which over the years has improved their living conditions to an extent.
Notwithstanding some improvement in their economic conditions, these large communities are still covertly and overtly discriminated/abused in all walks of life. So the educated ones amongst the Bahujans (following the footsteps of Dr. BR Ambedkar) often try to convert to other religions to escape the stigma of humiliation attached to them by birth in Hinduism and is manifested in day to day life. During the Muslim rule in India, a large number of them had gradually converted to Islam and with the help of Muslim forces had successfully dismantled Hindu-Brahmin (Manuwadi) social structures from large parts of India (today part of Afghanistan Pakistan, Kashmir, and Bangladesh). Realizing more such upcoming dangers, the Hindu Upper caste organizations tried their level best to stop the mass exodus of Hindu lower/backward castes to Islam with varied tactics. Unfortunately, with the Partition of India, the growing bonhomie between Dr. Ambedkar’s Schedule Caste Federation (SCF) and the Muslim League suffered a deadly blow and once the Muslim League left India, Dr. Ambedkar was gradually stripped of his aura and authority by the Congress government dominated by the Upper castes Hindus and he later converted to Buddhism along with his thousands of followers. Though successive Savarna governments (headed by Hindu upper castes) continued the reservations schemes for Bahujan communities (even though in a minimal sense), they made sure that these lower castes do not convert to other religions by limiting the scope and benefit of reservations largely to Hindus only. So under the current constitutional scheme, a lower caste stands to lose the reservation benefits if he converts to a non-Hindu religion especially Islam.
Lower/Backward caste conversions to Islam is greatly feared by radical Hindu upper castes for obvious reasons (demographic change coupled with radicalization and consolidation of passive and docile communities) so they leave no stone unturned to discourage lower/backward castes from converting to Islam by spreading a variety of rumors, fears, and propaganda against Islam and Muslims. They tell Hindu lower castes that it will be childish and futile for them to think that by converting to Islam they can change their social status as the caste system exists amongst Muslims too at least in India if not elsewhere and at least in practice if not in theory. Any kind of social or personal engagement between lower/backward castes and Muslims is virulently discouraged by various Hindu right wing organizations who are often found threatening Muslims with dire consequences and at the same time accusing lower caste politicians of appeasement.
Though backward castes (especially SCs) got more inclined towards Buddhism (due to Dr. Ambedkar’s act of converting to Buddhism), many Bahujans leaders soon realised that without a political alliance with Muslim electorates, reaching the corridors of political powers is nearly impossible. Very soon, with the help of Muslim votes, governments headed by Bahujans came in power in many states (such as UP, Bihar, Karnataka, etc.) but could not survive long due to the divisive divide and rule strategies and Islamophobic politics of Hindu-centric political parties and also due to disunity amongst Bahujan leaders and their selfishness, carelessness and inefficiencies. So the purpose of this article is to deconstruct and discover the sub-altern roots of Islam and Muslims and relate and compare it with the Indian context to show that Bahujan communities are more related to Prophet Muhammad (s) and other Islamic personalities who also faced poverty, deprivation, discrimination, subordination, exploitation and humiliation at the hands of hostile race/caste based ruling classes and how they effectively overcame such humiliations and tyrannies in their lives with the help of the Islamic doctrines deeply and firmly rooted in the concept of justice, rights, and empowerment of impoverished and marginalised sections apart from certain glorious and eternal spiritual and moral principles with none in contravention of science, logic, and rationality. And if Islam, could successively uproot racial sociopolitical systems in large parts of the world, then it can do so in India as well if the Bahujans agree to embrace it and start mobilizing and asserting themselves with firm determination according to its revolutionary principles.
And by embracing Islam, the Bahujans (SCs, STs, and OBCs) will be embracing their brothers and sisters only because as has been said above, most of the subcontinent’s Muslims are converts from lower caste Hindus and tribes, (now racially inter-mixed). But with the combined massive demographic strength (90% of India), they stand to make massive gains in all walks of life- material as well as spiritual and lose nothing (except their current humiliating identity forcibly imposed on them by Hindu scriptures). They should not get afraid of negative and pessimistic assumptions but should optimistically and fearlessly assert them on the world stage and when combined together with the even greater Muslim Umma spanning across nations and continents, they stand to concur the whole of the world and liberate it from all kinds of injustices attached with racism and casteism, etc. To fight against exploitation and oppression is an obligation under Holy Quran which provides-
- And why should ye not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)?– Men, women, and children, whose cry is: “Our Lord! Rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from thee one who will protect; and raise for us from thee one who will help! [Holy Quran 4:75]
In Islam, there is an unconditional and absolute surrender and loyalty to the will of the Almighty (referred to as Allah which means-the one worthy of worship) as contained in the Holy Quran which means renunciation of man-made concepts of racism and casteism including all their variants. People who have begun looking for logical fallacies in this statement are advised to first read Quran and Islamic history with an honest intention or at least read the verses mentioned in this article to get a glimpse of the values espoused in the Quran and then judge if loyalty to these principles is reasonable and justified or not. It should also be kept in mind that the Quran does not claim to be the one and only message/revelation but rather a touchstone to confirm and substantiate what has already been revealed in previous revelations and teachings of other messengers born in different nations and communities of the world from time to time since the beginning.
- Holy Quran 39:23 Allah has revealed (from time to time) the most beautiful Message in the form of a Book, consistent with itself, (yet) repeating (its teaching in various aspects).
- Holy Quran 6:92 And this is a book which We have sent down, blessed and confirming what was before it...”
- Holy Quran 2:213 Mankind was [of] one religion [before their deviation]; then Allah sent the prophets as bringers of good tidings and warners and sent down with them the Scripture in truth to judge between the people concerning that in which they differed.
- Holy Quran 42:13 The same religion has He established for you as that which He enjoined on Noah – the which We have sent by inspiration to thee – and that which We enjoined on Abraham, Moses, and Jesus: Namely, that ye should remain steadfast in religion, and make no divisions therein.
- Holy Quran 6:42 And We have already sent [messengers] to nations before you, [O Muhammad]; then We seized them with poverty and hardship that perhaps they might humble themselves [to Us].
- Holy Quran 4:136 O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the scripture which He hath sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before (him).
So, by accepting Islam, one wholly surrenders him/her to the will of the Almighty as contained in the Holy Quran and accepts to live his/her life according to the principles enshrined therein. There is no such thing as half conversion or half loyalty to Islam or to the prophets of Islam. Quran has to be accepted and believed in its entirety and not in bits and parts. So when it commands that racism and all its variants be rejected then they have to be rejected without any ifs and buts. When it says that all Muslims are brothers in faith, then it has to be accepted as such and a Muslim cannot reject this part of Quran but believe in other parts and still be a Muslim. Tampering with Quranic injunctions amounts to blasphemy and strictly punishable in Islam besides a severe loss of credibility of that person amongst Muslims and it will be quite impossible for him/her to regain the trust. Prophet Muhammad (s) himself came from a community of Arabs who were discriminated by Jews and he suffered more discrimination and humiliation at the hands of the ruling class when he openly and explicitly proclaimed the equality of mankind in clear terms and kept doing so (both in words and actions) till his last breaths.
- Muhammad (s) “An Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. All mankind is from Adam and Eve who are from dust.” (last sermon of the prophet)
- Muhammad (s) “Allah does not look at your bodies nor your forms but He looks at your hearts and your actions.” (Riyadh-as-Saliheen by Imam Al-Nawawi, Volume 1, Hadith number 7)
So, the criteria to determine the worth of an individual is not his race, class, status, wealth, background, etc but his/her faith and righteous deeds. Holy Quran in Chapter 89 verse 7 says- “Those who have faith and do righteous deeds-they are the best of creatures.” Prophet Muhammad (s) was not only discriminated and abused, but he also suffered abject poverty. He was also an orphan. Quran on various occasions commands not to usurp properties of others, stresses on justice in dealings of life and prohibits flaunting of wealth.
- Holy Quran 88:15-30 No indeed, but you show no kindness to the orphan, nor do you urge one another to feed the poor, and you greedily devour the inheritance of the weak, and you have a love of wealth which can never be satisfied.
- Holy Quran 4:8 And when [other] relatives and orphans and the needy are present at the [time of] division, then provide for them [something] out of the estate and speak to them words of appropriate kindness.
- Holy Quran 90:1-20 What will explain to you what the ascent is? It is the freeing of a slave; or the feeding in times of famine of an orphaned relative or some needy person in distress, and to be one of those who believe and urge one another to steadfastness and compassion.
- Holy Quran 2:83 Remember when we made a covenant with the children of Israel, ‘Worship none but God and be good to your parents and to relatives and orphans and the needy. And speak kindly to people. Attend to your prayers and pay the zakat [prescribed alms].’ But with the exception of a few, you turned away [in aversion] and paid no heed.
- Holy Quran 93:1-11 Therefore do not treat the orphan with harshness, and do not chide the one who asks for help; but proclaim the blessings of your Lord.
- Holy Quran 4:58 God commands you to hand back your trusts to their rightful owners, and when you judge between people, to judge with fairness. God’s instructions to you are excellent and he hears and sees all things.
- Holy Quran 5:8 Believers! Be steadfast in the cause of God and bear witness with justice. Do not let your enmity for others turn you away from justice. Deal justly; that is nearer to being God-fearing.
- Holy Quran 107-109 And do not plead on behalf of those who are dishonest to themselves. Surely God does not love one who is treacherous and sinful.
- Holy Quran 4:135 Believers! Be strict in upholding justice and bear witness for the sake of God, even though it be against yourselves, your parents, or your kindred.
Equality is another important and fundamental aspect of Islam. Equality in Islam is not just equality in abstract sense but it encompasses within itself the concepts of unity and brotherhood. And this brotherhood is based not on the concepts of race, caste, bloodline, background, place of origin, etc but on unassailable pillars of imaan, faith and belief. Anyone regardless of his race, caste or background can become part of this brotherhood. Inviting others to this brotherhood is called ‘Dawah’ and is akin to an obligation in Islam on every Muslim. Even the non-believers accept the power of Islamic brotherhood and sometimes they appreciated it as well and sometimes they fear its powerful proselytic tendencies. Holy Quran strictly prohibits any kind of division, discord discrimination and resentment in this brotherhood. Treating fellow Muslims as as you would treat your own kin is akin to an article of faith in Islam which a Muslim is never supposed to violate.
- Holy Quran 49:10 The Believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers; and fear Allah, that ye may receive Mercy.
- Holy Quran 3:103 Hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. Remember the favor of Allah upon you, when you were enemies and he brought your hearts together and you became brothers by his favor.
- Holy Quran 9:71 The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and establish prayer and give charity and obey Allah and His Messenger..”
- Holy Quran 49:11 O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one’s] faith. And whoever does not repent – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.
- Holy Quran 49:12 O you who have believed, avoid much negative assumptions. Indeed, some assumption is sin. And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear God; indeed, God is accepting of repentance and merciful.
- Muhammad (s) “A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He should not wrong him nor surrender him to his enemy.” (Riyadh-as-Saliheen by Imam Al-Nawawi, Volume 2, Hadith number 233)
- Muhammad (s) “Do not hate each other, do not envy each other, do not turn away from each other, but rather be servants of Allah as brothers. It is not lawful for a Muslim to boycott his brother Muslim for more than three days.” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 5718)
Pledging loyalty to this brotherhood is inscribed not only in the holy books but is part and parcel of daily prayers as well. A Muslim is required to pray fives times a day and no prayer is complete without ‘Tashahhud’ in which a believer prays for the well being of all other believers and by standing shoulder to shoulder they take the pledge of equality and fraternity on a daily basis. And this has been beautifully reflected and enshrined in one of the verses of Quran.
- Holy Quran 59:10 Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts any resentment toward those who have faith. Our Lord, you are kind and merciful.
Poverty and deprivation has been a big concern in the world since long time. Islam declared war against poverty (long before Marxism set foot on earth) by prohibiting and regulating all those things which are the causes of poverty and by making charity mandatory and an act of Islamic obligation. It has been observed all over the world that high interest rates and usury have been the major cause of poverty and deprivation all over the world. Quran explicitly prohibits usury and interests but uphold the principles of trade and commerce that bring prosperity and development.
- Holy Quran 2:275-276 But God has made trade lawful and made usury unlawful. God blights usury and blesses charitable deeds. God does not love the ungrateful wrongdoer.
- Holy Quran 2:280 If the debtor is in straitened circumstances, then grant him respite till a time of ease. If you were to write it off as an act of charity, that would be better for you, if only you knew.
- Holy Quran 26:183 “And withhold not things justly due to others, nor do evil in the land, working mischief.”
- Holy Quran 3:76 Indeed God loves those who honor their covenants and fear Him. God loves the righteous.
Whereas the Holy Quran encourages trade and business and circulation of material resources, it also enjoins upon Muslims not to hoard money for doing injustice and corruption. Extravagance has been discouraged and charity commanded.
- Holy Quran 2:188 And do not eat up your property among yourselves for vanities, nor use it as bait for the judges, with intent that ye may eat up wrongfully and knowingly a little of (other) people’s property.
- Holy Quran 4:38 And [God does not like] those who spend their wealth for the sake of ostentation, who do not believe in God or the Last Day.
- Holy Quran 4:37 (Nor) those who are niggardly or enjoin niggardliness on others, or hide the bounties which Allah hath bestowed on them..”
If we look at Islam from the class perspective we will come to know that most of the great Islamic personalities, scholars, scientists, architects, rulers, warriors and scholars came from the proletarian sections of the society. Prophet Muhammad (s) himself suffered extreme poverty and orphanhood, was discriminated, humiliated and outcasted from Mecca but bravely fought for the rights and empowerment of the oppressed sections of society. Most of the great Islamic personalities did not come from elite class but had a very humble upbringing and faced a hell lot of adversaries in their lives and yet went on to succeed due to their sheer determination, honest intention and blessings of the Almighty.
- Rashidun Caliphs (r)- The first four Caliphs of Islam revered by Muslims as ‘Rashidun’ (the rightly guided) came from the Quraysh tribe which used to be a nomadic tribe in Arabia. May the Almighty be pleased with them.
- Abu Hurairah (r)- He was a laborer and later became the companion of Prophet Muhammad (s). Later he went on to become a powerful governor and a great authority on Hadiths and narrated more than 5000 hadiths. May the Almighty be pleased with him.
- Hajjaj ibn Yusuf (r)- He came from a poor family of stone carriers and builders. After converting to Islam, he went on to become the most notable Governor of Umayyad Caliphate. He also sanctioned Muhammad bin Qasim to suppress the oppressive Brahmin king Dahir of Sindh (today in Pakistan). May the Almighty bless him.
- Muhammad ibn Qasim-(r) An orphan who was raised to prominence by Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf. With his small army of a few thousand, he uprooted the mighty Brahmin King Dahir of Sindh and laid the foundation of the future Muslim rule in India. It is recognized by historians that many locals and their chiefs supported Qasim in his expedition against King Dahir. May the Almighty bless him.
- Tariq ibn Ziyad (r)-A freedman (Berber slave of African origin) who went on to become a powerful Muslim commander and led a large army in the conquest of Gibraltar. Gibraltar is named after him. May the Almighty bless him.
- Muhammad Ghori (r)- He came from the Pashtun tribe of Afghanistan which rose to immense prominence after conversion to Islam. He went on to defeat the powerful caste based Rajput king Prithviraj Chauhan of India and established the Islamic rule in Delhi under his able commander Qutubuddin Aibak (A black African slave who later became the Emperor of Hindustan). May the Almighty bless him.
- Qutubuddin Aibak (r)- He was sold as a slave in his childhood and was later purchased and raised by Muhammad Ghori who made him the Amir-i-Akhur, or the Master of slave. He went on to become the first Muslim Sultan (Emperor) of India and defeated hordes of race and caste-based Rajput Kings. This was by any means a great symbolic and historic moment and achievement of Islam in India because for the first time in the history of thousand years, an untouchable or a Shudra within the definition of Hinduism was sitting on the throne of Delhi as Emperor of India- the post which had till now been strictly reserved for Kshatriyas under the Hindu-Brahmin scriptures. May the Almighty bless him.
- Malik Amber (r)- He was an Ethiopian and was sold as a slave in his childhood by his own parents and was further sold and purchased several times. He was finally brought to India and with the grace of the Almighty and because of his sheer determination he went on to create a long-lasting legacy of African’s rising to power in the eastern regions of the world, namely India. This is unparalleled in history of the world. He is also credited with carrying out extensive revenue reforms as well as canal water supply system in Deccan (South India). May the Almighty bless him.
- Baibars (r)- He came from the Barli tribe of Africa and was sold into slavery by Bulgarians. He was later purchased by Muslims and rose to prominence. He defeated the hostile Louis IX of France and also halted the aggressive advance of Mongols. He went on to become the powerful Sultan of Egypt and Syria and was given the title of Abu al-Futuhat or the Father of Conquest. May the Almighty bless him.
- Usman I (r)- Little is known about his childhood but rose from oblivion to prominence. He later became the leader of a nomadic tribe and went on to create the powerful Ottoman Empire. May the Almighty bless him.
- Anwar-Al-Sadat (r)- He was born in a poor Nubian (indigenous African) family but went on to become the influential President of Egypt and brought a paradigm shift to Egypt’s economy and prestige. He also became the first Muslim to receive the Nobel Prize. May the Almighty bless him.
There are countless other such examples and all these examples including the one mentioned above unequivocally prove that Islamic egalitarianism and empowerment is limited not only to theory but has been manifested in practice as well. Even stories in the Holy Quran have a class perspective. Most of the time, the protagonists are common people who are chosen as messengers of God to liberate the common man from the tyranny of mighty and oppressive rulers.
- The story of Noah (s)- He faced a lot of adversaries in his life. When he foresaw the apocalypse and informed others about it, only the weakest and poorest of his people responded to his call and were saved but the Kings and those with power responded arrogantly and rejected the call for cooperation and perished. (Holy Quran 71:5-7)
- The story of Abraham (s)- He was a common man and when he started preaching about righteousness and monotheism he had to bear great hardships and also had to migrate to several places. Because of his unwavering act of obedience to God, he came to be known as ‘Khaleel‘, or the beloved servant, the title not given to any other Prophet before. (Holy Quran 87:18-19)
- The story of Lut (s)- He lived in a society deeply infested with crimes and corruption and those passing through the town of Sodom risked robbery, physical and sexual abuse. When he gave a call for reform, it was disregarded and he was threatened with dire consequences. (Holy Quran 26:161-167)
- The story of Joseph (s)- He was born into a family of shepherds and farmers and was deceived and sold into slavery by his brothers. He later rose to prominence and his saga of patience, loyalty, bravery, and compassion is revered by Muslims, Christians, and Jews all over the world. (Holy Quran 12:5-9)
- The story of Moses (s)- He was born in a turbulent time when the Emperor of Egypt proclaimed himself as god and forced people to worship him. Moses boldly challenged his authority and struggled for those who were weak and were oppressed. Quran recalls him in many places. “And We wished to do a favour to those who were weak (and oppressed) in the land, and to make them rulers and to make them the inheritors, And to establish them in the land, and We let Pharaoh and Haman (Egypt’s Chief Minister) and their hosts receive from them that which they feared.” (Quran 28:5-6)
- The story of Mary (as)- She was the mother of Jesus (s) and her honor was protected and defended when people accused her of adultery. (Holy Quran 19:34)
- The story of Jesus (s)- He was a shepherd and invited the people of Israel to the way of righteousness and faced a lot of difficulties and threats in his life but with his acts of compassion, he won the hearts of millions. (Holy Quran 3:55-57; 4:156-158)
- The story of Shalom (s)- Antioch (an ancient city) was once ruled by a mighty king Antikhis who was oppressive and idol worshipper and his people brutally murdered one of the followers of 3 messengers (including Shalom) who came to teach them righteousness. They were punished by God for their crimes. (Holy Quran 36:13-29)
- The story of Korah– Korah was a rich man who later became arrogant and started flaunting his wealth. He once paid a hefty amount to a prostitute to seduce Moses (s). God punished him for his transgressions. (Holy Quran 28:76-83)
- The story of Bilquis– Once Yemen saw a significant rise in corruption and transgression during the reign of an inefficient King. A wise lady dethroned him in a clever manner and people made her the Queen. She was blessed with all things that could be possessed by any ruler of the earth, and had a great throne. But later she became arrogant and to an extent that she mocked prophet Suleiman (s) with her riches. When her people did not stop committing transgressions, they were punished by God. (Holy Quran 27:20-44)
- The story of Luqman (r)- Luqman was a black shepherd who was gifted with great wisdom by God. While, he was preaching righteousness to his people, a man came to him and said: Aren’t you the one who used to look after the sheep with me at such and such place? Luqman said: Yes, I am! The man said: then, what made you of that position? Luqman said: telling the truth and keeping silent regarding what does not concern me. [Holy Quran Luqman 12-19] Recalling the same incident, Said ibn Musayib (during the Caliphate of Umar (r) told a distressed black person that he should not feel distressed for his dark colour because they were amongst the best of all people- Bilal ibn Rabah (first person to gave Azan), Mahja (the freed-slave of Umar Ibn Al- Khattab), and Luqman-the wise, who was black and whose lips were thick. (Holy Quran 31:12-19)
- The story of Saba– Once upon a time various tribes used to reside in Yemen and worshiped the Almighty. When they became rich they started worshiping the sun and started committing sins. Many messengers came to them to teach them righteousness but they arrogantly refused. They were soon destroyed by natural calamities. (Holy Quran 34:15-19)
- The story of Uzair (r)- Uzair was a pious person. Once he was riding his donkey and came across a human skeleton. He exclaimed how will god bring that person again to life. He was demonstrated this by his own example. (Holy Quran 2.159; 9:30)
- The story of Dhul Qarnain (r)- He was a king and has been praised for serving his people with Justice and welfare. (Holy Quran 18:83-98)
- People of the Garden– Some polytheists who were very rich and powerful people used to humiliate the weak and the poor. They were stripped of their wealth by God. (Holy Quran 68:17-33)
- People of the Ditch– A common man proved the might of Allah over a mighty king and his magician. (Holy Quran 85:1-10)
Having said that, let me once again stress on the fact that any kind of discrimination on the lines of background, color, race, caste or any other subjective, stereotypical and morally arbitrary criteria has been strictly prohibited in Quran not once but several times and has been beautifully supplemented with the most authentic Hadiths and conducts of Prophet Muhammad (s) as has been discussed above. No Muslim who is aware of Islam and Quranic injunctions will ever discriminate amongst his brother Muslims on such lines as it is completely against the spirit of the Quran. Those who are found discriminating are often illiterate, unaware, have little or no knowledge about Islam, command no respect in society and are frowned upon by the learned Muslims. Quran permits initiation of Jihad against Muslim as well if they digress from the right path. Holy Quran in several verses not only permits but exhorts and commands the suppressed people to initiate Jihad (using all their means & might) against oppressors be they Muslim or non-Muslim.
- Holy Quran 8:39 And fight them on until there is no more tumult or oppression, and there prevail justice and faith..”
- Holy Quran 2:190-193 And fight in God’s cause against those who wage war against you, but do not commit aggression for surely, God does not love aggressors.
- Holy Quran 4:75 “And why should ye not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)?- Men, women, and children, whose cry is: “Our Lord! Rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from thee one who will protect; and raise for us from thee one who will help!”
- Holy Quran 4:84-84 Whoever rallies to a good cause shall have a share in its blessing; and whoever rallies to an evil cause shall be answerable for his part in it: for, indeed, God watches over everything.
So all Humankind (and) especially the Bahujans (SCs, STs and OBCs of India) and all those who have been suppressed and oppressed in the past or still being exploited and discriminated in any manner should take inspirations from Islam in their struggles against injustice and oppression and should actively feel and associate themselves with it for it is not the opium of masses to seduce them into oblivion, suppression and exploitation but as has been talked above, it’s the unwavering and continuing narrations of common people’s struggles for justice and empowerment (against tyranny and oppression) apart from being the most majestic guide and touchstone for faith, truth and righteousness gifted to humankind by none other than the Almighty himself- the creator and sustainer of all that exists. It is not just “a way of life” but the most exalted way of life firmly grounded on the indestructible pillars of Imaan, Justice, Unity, Brotherhood, Welfare, and Egalitarianism. I would like to end with a few verses of the Holy Quran.
- Holy Quran 28:5-6 “And we wished to do a favor to those who were weak and oppressed in the land, and to make them rulers and to make them the inheritors, and to establish them in the land, and we let Pharaoh (verily he was of those oppressors and tyrants who committed great sins and crimes-Quran 28:3-4) and his minister and their rich hosts receive from them that which they feared.”
- Holy Quran 86:5 So let man reflect (introspect) from what he was created.
- Holy Quran 16:12 And he has made subservient for you the night and the day and the sun and the moon, and the stars are made subservient by his commandment; indeed there are signs in this for those who think and reflect.
- Holy Quran 55:33-34 If you have the power to go beyond the realms of the heavens and the earth, pass beyond them: you cannot pass out but with our authority. Which of your Lord’s wonders would you deny?
May the Almighty strengthen our faith and resolve in righteousness and truth and may he grant us correct understanding and forgiveness. All praise to him only, the cherisher and sustainer of all that exists.
With Peace & Warm Regards!🌹