It would not be extreme to say that Islam has been the most criticized faith system in the world ever since Prophet Muhammad (s) claimed the seal of Prophethood and began enunciating its egalitarian principles. Perhaps, he (s) is the only person in human history about whom and against whom so much have been written and that chain continues even today. If we trace the origins of the Islamophobic contents available online or offline, we see that most of them have been written and propagated not by the proletariats or marginalized masses but by some of the race and caste-based elite classes all over the world- be they Zionists in the West or Hindu Upper Castes in India. And if we trace the history of these ultra-bourgeois classes, we find that instead of Muslims, it is they who have been at the forefront in socio-economic exploitation of the proletariats throughout history. Even today they are at the forefront in oppressing others- Muslims and non-Muslims alike in their specific areas of influence and dominance though they might not realise it. But to divert public attention from their evil deeds, they hideously indulge in reckless Islamophobic propaganda though they themselves are the root cause of all problems of humanity and this becomes self-evident if one does little reflection over the past and present state of affairs. One of the plausible reason behind their inexplicable hate for Islam could be that Islamic principles (both at normative and descriptive level) disrupt their business of fraud, inequity, and monopoly in all walks of life. So they try their level best to contain the rise of Islam through various techniques. Through their historic and malignant criticism of Islam, they have been able to disseminate so many misconceptions about Islam that many people today blindly believe those misconceptions and don’t even bother to verify and confirm what they hear from others. Also, these misconceptions deliberate or otherwise are not limited just to the common folks but even pervade the minds of some people with rich scholarly backgrounds. The aim of this post, therefore, is to clear some of those misconceptions which revolve around certain socio-political and economic issues/ideas which are often used by critiques of Islam to leverage their arguments against Islam. These issues include equality of humankind; justice and equity; prohibition on extremism and forced conversion; middle path; virtues, manners, rationality and optimism; women’s rights; respect of parents; prophet Muhammad (s) background; origin, science and exploration; Islamic Brotherhood; conversion/reversion to Islam; government; finality of prophethood and revelation; God Almighty; and prohibition of business in the name of religion. The other objective is to enunciate the viewpoint that Islam if viewed in totality of facts and circumstances of the past and present is undoubtedly the most equitable, egalitarian, fair, just and people friendly faith system and way of life in the world which if properly followed in letter and spirit can alleviate the sufferings of the masses and can ensure perpetual peace and prosperity all over the world. 

Above: Replica of the house of Prophet Muhammad (s) based on narrations in Hadiths. Photo credit: YouTube

PROPHET MUHAMMAD (S) BACKGROUND

It is an undeniable fact that the Prophet Muhammad (s) came from a very humble background.[1][2] He became orphaned in his childhood and was raised under the care of his grandfather Abd al-Muttalib, and upon his death, by his uncle Abu Talib. There are hundreds of hadiths that reveal that the Prophet (s) led a life of poverty and austerity. Even when he became the head of the Islamic Government in Madinah, he steered away from all aspects of affluence, yet diligently performed all the duties of family, society and nation and it has been recorded that if some wealth came to his possession in the morning, by sunset he would distribute them amongst the needy. He lived in a mud house and used to pray in the sheepfold before the construction of a mosque which was also made of mud and straws. In his childhood, he grazed sheep and camels, and in his youth, he worked as a servant for a businesswoman named Khadija (r) who also happened to be a widow. Taking advantage of her condition, her employees often embezzled the gains of business. So when Muhammad (s) worked honestly for her, she was impressed and later proposed to marry him to which Prophet (s) agreed and it was a happy marriage. When he (s) was told about his prophethood, he trembled and hesitated. And when he started preaching Allah’s message, people made fun of him. His own tribe turned against him and he was mercilessly abused and mocked. When he passed from a street, many would spit on him and many would pour trash from above. When he prayed, some would place dung, blood and the abdominal contents of dead animals around his neck. But when all this could not stop Islam from expanding, rich Arabs started threatening him and even made several attempts on his life and his followers who were generally poor people like him and they faced a severe socio-economic boycott. When the situation became out of control, Prophet (s) left Mecca for Medina. The people of Medina were generous and they not only welcomed him to their city but also converted to Islam en-masse. Meccans did not let him live in peace even there and laid seize on Medina several times until they lost. The companions of Prophet Muhammad would often weep at his poverty and austere life-style. Commenting on the persona of Prophet Muhammad (s), Ali Eteraz writes- That you could lose your parents within your first eight years and still become a man; that you could lose your family and their protection and still become a leader; that you could lose numerous sons in that age in which children are the most innocent and still be compassionate; that you could have stones thrown at your head till pools of blood accumulated in your shoes and still not give in to vengeance; that you could have your uncle impaled upon spears and his heart literally eaten and still forgive the killers; that you could sleep on mats of hay and still be regal; that you could be so lonely that rather than sitting in the city circles you had to withdraw to caves and yet still come down with a book like the Quran; in this survival, no, affirmation of life, is a miracle that underlies Islam.

Indeed, he was a prophet adorned in simplicity and austerity untouched by any sort of hubris, yet Quran reminds him on this issue repeatedly that he is but a plain warner, probably for the sake of abundant caution.

  • Al-Quran 46:9 Say [O Muhammad], ‘I am not the first of God’s messengers, and I do not know what will be done with me or with you: I do not follow anything but what is revealed to me, and I am merely a plain warner.
  • Al-Quran 42:27 And if Allah had extended [excessively] provision for His servants, they would have committed tyranny throughout the earth. But He sends [it] down in an amount which He wills. Indeed He is, of His servants, Acquainted and Seeing.
  • Al-Quran 43:31-32 They said, ‘Why was this Quran not sent down to one of the great men of the two cities?’ Is it they who apportion the mercy of your Lord? It is We who distribute among them their livelihood in the life of this world, and raise some of them above others in rank, so that they may take one another into service; and the mercy of your Lord is better than [the wealth] which they amass.
  • Al-Quran 3:73-74 Say to them, ‘Surely, the true guidance is the guidance from God.’ [But you think it is impossible that] someone else may be granted [revelation] such as you were granted or else that they should contend against you before your Lord. Say, All grace is in the hands of God; He grants it to whom He wills: for God is boundless, and all knowing, He singles out for His mercy whoever He pleases. God is the Lord of exceeding bounty.
  • Al-Quran 42:23 It is that of which Allah gives good tidings to His servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will through kinship.” And whoever commits a good deed – We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.
  • Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 8, Number 421- Narrated Abu Al-Taiyah: Anas said- ‘Prophet Muhammad prayed in the sheep fold, Later on I heard him saying, “He prayed in the sheep folds before the construction of the, mosque.”  
  • Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 8, Number 437- Narrated ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar- ‘In the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle the mosque was built of adobes (clay), its roof of the leaves of date palms and its pillars of the stems of date-palms. Abu Bakr did not alter it. ‘Umar expanded it on the same pattern as it was in the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle by using adobes, leaves of date-palms and changing the pillars into wooden ones. ‘Uthman changed it by expanding it to a great extent and built its walls with engraved stones and lime and made its pillars of engraved stones and its roof of teak wood.
  • Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 8, Number 432- Narrated Sahl ibn Sa’d- Allah’s Apostle went to Fatima’s house but did not find ‘Ali there. So he asked-Where is your cousin? She replied-There was something between us and he got angry with me and went out. He did not sleep (mid-day nap) in the house. Allah’s Apostle asked a person to look for him. That person came and said- O Allah’s Apostle! He (Ali) is sleeping in the mosque. Allah’s Apostle went there and ‘Ali was lying. His upper body cover had fallen down to one side of his body and he was covered with dust. Allah’s Apostle started cleaning the dust from him saying-Get up! O Abu Turab. Get up! O Aba Turab (literally means: O father of dust).
  • Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 9, Number 499- Narrated Amar ibn Maimuin- ‘Abdullah bin Masud said, While Allah’s Apostle was praying beside the Kaba, there were some Quraish people sitting in a gathering. One of them said, ‘Don’t you see this (who does deeds just to show off)? Who amongst you can go and bring the dung, blood and the abdominal contents (intestines, etc) of the slaughtered camels of the family of so and so and then wait till he prostrates and put that in between his shoulders?’ The most unfortunate amongst them went and when Allah’s Apostle prostrated, he put them between his shoulders. The Prophet remained in prostration and they laughed so much so that they fell on each other.’
  • Sahih Muslim Book 9, Number 3507 Umar ibn al-Khattab (r) reported: “I visited Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and he was lying on a  mat. I sat down and he drew up his lower garment over him and he had  nothing (else) over him, and that the mat had left its marks on his  sides. I looked with my eyes in the storeroom of Allah’s Messenger (may  peace be upon him). I found only a handful of barley and an equal quantity of the leaves of Mimosa Flava and a semi-tanned leather bag hanging (in one side), and I  was moved to tears (on seeing this extremely austere living of the Holy  Prophet), and he said: Ibn Khattab, what wakes you weep? I said: Apostle of Allah, why should I not shed tears? This mat has  left its marks on your sides and I do not see in your storeroom (except  these few things) that I have seen; Caesar and Chosroes are leading their lives in plenty whereas you are Allah’s Messenger. His chosen one,  and that is your store! He  said: Ibn Khattab, aren’t you satisfied that for us (there should be the prosperity) of the Hereafter, and for them (there should be the  prosperity of) this world? I said: Yes.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 76,  Number 465 Narrated  ‘Aisha (wife of Prophet): A complete month would pass by during which we would not make a  fire (for cooking), and our food used to be only dates and water unless  we were given a present of some meat
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 4, Number 223: Narrated Um Qais bint Mihsin: I brought my young son, who had not started eating (ordinary food) to Allah’s Apostle who took him and made him sit in his lap. The child urinated on the garment of the Prophet, so he asked for water and poured it over the soiled (area) and did not wash it
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59, Number 738 Narrated ‘Amir bin Al-Harith: Allah’s Apostle (Prophet Muhammad) did not leave a Dinar or a Dirham or a male or a female slave. He  left only his white mule on which he used to ride, and his weapons, and  a piece of land which he gave in charity for the needy travelers.  
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 3, Book 34, Number 286: Narrated Al-Miqdam: The Prophet said, “Nobody has ever eaten a better meal than that which one has earned by work- ing with one’s own hands. The Prophet of Allah, David used to eat from the earnings of his manual labor.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 65: Narrated Al-Aswad: I asked ‘Aisha what did the Prophet use to do at home. She replied. “He used to keep himself busy serving his family and when it was time for the prayer, he would get up for prayer.” 

EQUALITY OF HUMANKIND, SLAVERY, ETC

Equality in Islam is a dynamic and equitable concept whose postulates are determined by God alone. No matter how much critiques criticize it and haters hate it, the fact remains unblemished that Islam emphatically proclaims the equality of humankind and denounces race, caste and bloodline based superiority of one man over the other in clear terms in several of its verses. Quran provides that Allah has bestowed his bounties on everyone without any discrimination and that he created humankind from a single pair of male and female and dispersed them into several tribes and nations so that they may know each other and not hate each other. Implicit in this verse is the mandate of diversity and inclusivity and not homogeneity. Apart from majestic principles of egalitarianism, Islam also provides for compulsory charity and wealth redistribution. It envisaged a dignified life for everyone and on that account laid great stress on manumission and freeing of slaves and bondsmen. Prophet Muhammad (s) even commanded Muslims to give their allegiance to slaves and follow them if they become or are appointed as their leaders (Political or Religious) and abide by the book of Allah in leading/governing them. And all this is evident in several Quranic verses, sayings and actions of the Prophet (s), Khulafa Rashidun (r) and other Muslims.

  • Al Quran 17:20 Of the bounties of thy Lord we bestow freely on all. These as well as those. The bounties of thy Lord are not closed to anyone. Subhanallah!
  • Al-Quran 4:1- O mankind! reverence your Guardian-Lord, who created you from a single person, created, of like nature, His mate, and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women;- reverence Allah, through whom ye demand your mutual (rights), and (reverence) the wombs (That bore you): for Allah ever watches over you.
  • Al-Quran 49:13O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things).
  • Al-Quran 5:48-To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that came before it, and guarding it in safety: so judge between them by what Allah hath revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging from the Truth that hath come to thee. To each among you have we prescribed a law and an open way. If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a single people, but (His plan is) to test you in what He hath given you: so strive as in a race in all virtues. The goal of you all is to Allah; it is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which ye dispute;
  • Al-Quran 2:213- Mankind was one single nation, and Allah sent Messengers with glad tidings and warnings; and with them He sent the Book in truth, to judge between people in matters wherein they differed; but the People of the Book, after the clear Signs came to them, did not differ among themselves, except through selfish contumacy. Allah by His Grace Guided the believers to the Truth, concerning that wherein they differed. For Allah guided whom He will to a path that is straight.
  • Al-Quran 2:179- In the Law of Equality there is (saving of) Life to you, o ye men of understanding; that ye may restrain yourselves.
  • Al-Quran 3:103- And hold fast, all together, by the rope which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves; and remember with gratitude Allah’s favour on you; for ye were enemies and He joined your hearts in love, so that by His Grace, ye became brethren; and ye were on the brink of the pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus doth Allah make His Signs clear to you: That ye may be guided.
  • Al-Quran 42:13- The same religion has He established for you as that which He enjoined on Noah – the which We have sent by inspiration to thee – and that which We enjoined on Abraham, Moses, and Jesus: Namely, that ye should remain steadfast in religion, and make no divisions therein: to those who worship other things than Allah, hard is the (way) to which thou callest them. Allah chooses to Himself those whom He pleases, and guides to Himself those who turn (to Him)
  • Al-Quran 2:177 Virtue does not consist in whether you face towards the East or the West; virtue means believing in God, the Last Day, the angels, the Book and the prophets; the virtuous are those who, despite their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to travelers and those who ask for charity, and to set slaves free, and who attend to their prayers and pay the alms, and who keep their pledges when they make them, and show patience in hardship and adversity, and in times of distress. Such are the true believers; and such are the God- fearing.
  • Al-Quran 68:35-39 Should We treat the true believers and the wrongdoers alike? What ails you? How ill you judge! Have you a Scripture that tells you that you will be granted whatever you choose? Or do you have Our solemn oaths, binding upon Us till the Day of Resurrection, that you shall have whatever you yourselves decide?
  • Al-Quran 41:34 Nor can goodness and Evil be equal. Repel (Evil) with what is better: Then will he between whom and thee was hatred become as it were thy friend and intimate!
  • Sahih at-Tirmidhi, Ahmad (22978) narrated from Abu Nadrah- Someone who heard the sermon of the Messenger of Allah on the second of the days of at-Tashreeq told me that he said: O people, verily your Lord is One and your father is one. Verily, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action.” They said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) has conveyed the message.
  • Miskat-ul Masabeeh 3662- It has been narrated by Umm Hussain (r) that Prophet (s) said- “If any slave is appointed as your Imam and he rules and leads you according to the book of Allah then listen to him obediently and act on it.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 89, Hadith 256, Narrated Anas ibn Malik-Allah’s Messenger said, “You should listen to and obey, your ruler even if he is an Ethiopian (black) slave whose head looks like a raisin.”
  • Miskat-ul Masabeeh 5178- It has been narrated by Ibn Masood (r) that Prophet (s) said- “Don’t indulge in feudal practices on earth and if you do so, you shall be engrossed in this world only.”
  • Riyadh-as-Saliheen Volume 1, Hadith number 7 Allah does not look at your bodies nor your forms but He looks at your hearts and your actions.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol 8, Book 73, No. 224: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “The most awful name in Allah’s sight on the Day of Resurrection, will be (that of) a man calling himself Malik-al-Amlak (Shahanshah or the king of kings).”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol 8, Book 76, No. 526 Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “Allah will take the whole earth (in His Hand) and will roll up the Heaven in His right Hand, and then He will say, “I am the King! Where are the kings of the earth?
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 89, Hadith 285, Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet (s) said, “Set free the captives and accept invitations.

Now as far as the practices of Muslims are concerned, we can see instances of both deviation and adherence but comparatively the marginalised sections have seen greater ascendence as Muslims if compared with other societies. A suggestive list of famous and influential Muslims who came from very humble background can be accessed from this post.

JUSTICE AND EQUITY 

Today the ideas of Justice and Equity find mention in many of legal systems across the world and in many cases they are also their foundational principles. In this world full of injustice and equity, these ideals are certainly desirable. Islam too lays great emphasis on Justice and Equity and this is reflected in several verses of the Holy Quran. Hopefully, these verses will clear the misconceptions of those who think that Islam is devoid of justice and equity.  

  • Al-Quran 4:40 Allah is never unjust in the least degree: If there is any good (done), He doubleth it, and giveth from His own presence a great reward.
  • Al-Quran 3:108-109-These are God’s revelations; We recite them to you in all truth. God desires no injustice to humankind. His is all that the heavens and the earth contain. To God shall all things return.
  • Al-Quran 4:48 Allah doth command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they are due; And when ye judge between man and man, that ye judge with justice: Verily how excellent is the teaching which He giveth you! For Allah is He Who heareth and seeth all things
  • Al-Quran 4:49 Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who claim sanctity for themselves? Nay-but Allah Doth sanctify whom He pleaseth. But never will they fail to receive justice in the least little thing.
  • Al-Quran 6:151 …take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom
  • Al-Quran 6:151 And come not nigh to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he attain the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full) justice;no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear;- whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfil the covenant of Allah: thus doth He command you, that ye may remember.
  • Al-Quran And Allah will judge with (justice and) Truth: but those whom (men) invoke besides Him, will not (be in a position) to judge at all. Verily it is Allah (alone) Who hears and sees (all things).
  • Al-Quran 16:90 Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and liberality to kith and kin, and He forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion: He instructs you, that ye may receive admonition. 
  • Al-Quran 4:135 O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allah, even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allah is more worthy of both. So follow not personal inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted
  • Al-Quran 4:168 Indeed, those who disbelieve and commit wrong or injustice – never will Allah forgive them, nor will He guide them to a path
  • Al-Quran 5.8- O ye who believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.
  • Al Quran 5:42-They are fond of listening to falsehood, of devouring anything forbidden. If they do come to thee, either judge between them, or decline to interfere. If thou decline, they cannot hurt thee in the least. If thou judge, judge in equity between them. For Allah loveth those who judge in equity.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 8, Book 81, Number 778: Narrated Aisha (r)-“Usama approached the Prophet on behalf of a woman (who had committed theft). The Prophet said, “The people before you were destroyed because they used to inflict the legal punishments on the poor and forgive the rich. By Him in Whose Hand my soul is! If Fatima (the daughter of the Prophet ) did that (i.e. stole), I would cut off her hand.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 89, Hadith 272: Narrated `Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakra: Abu Bakra wrote to his son who was in Sijistan: ‘Do not judge between two persons when you are angry, for I heard the Prophet (s) saying, “A judge should not judge between two persons while he is in an angry mood.

EXTREMISM, FORCED CONVERSION, ETC FORBIDDEN

Today many people knowingly or unknowingly associate extremism and terrorism to religions and particularly blame Islam in this regard.  They probably do not know that some of the most gruesome and large-scale genocides in History have been committed by atheist and communist regimes. Islam rejects extremism Respects diversity and inclusiveness. It even says that there is no compulsion in religion as truth stands out clear from falsehood. 

  • Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 93, Hadith 473, Narrated Jarir bin `Abdullah: Allah’s Messenger (s) said, “Allah will not be merciful to those who are not merciful to mankind.
  • Al-Quran 5:77 Say: “O people of the Book! exceed not in your religion the bounds (of what is proper), trespassing beyond the truth, nor follow the vain desires of people who went wrong in times gone by,- who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the even way.
  • Al-Quran 5:32 On that account: We ordained for the Children of Israel that if any one slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people. Then although there came to them Our messengers with clear signs, yet, even after that, many of them continued to commit excesses in the land.
  • Al-Quran 6:151 Say: “Come, I will rehearse what Allah hath (really) prohibited you from”: Join not anything as equal with Him; be good to your parents; kill not your children on a plea of want;– We provide sustenance for you and for them;- come not nigh to shameful deeds whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.
  • Al-Quran 2:256 Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from falsehood: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things.
  • Al-Quran 42:8 And if Allah willed, He could have made them [of] one religionbut He admits whom He wills into His mercy. And the wrongdoers have not any protector or helper.
  • Al-Quran 42:7-And those who take as protectors others besides HimAllah doth watch over them; and thou art not the disposer of their affairs.
  • Al-Quran 16:125 Invite (all) to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knoweth best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance.
  • Al-Quran 42:15 So to that [religion of Allah ] invite, [O Muhammad], and remain on a right course as you are commanded and do not follow their inclinations but say, “I have believed in what Allah has revealed of the Qur’an, and I have been commanded to do justice among you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. For us are our deeds, and for you your deeds. There is no [need for] argument between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is the [final] destination.
  • Al-Quran 28:56 It is true thou wilt not be able to guide every one, whom thou lovest; but Allah guides those whom He will and He knows best those who receive guidance.
  • Al-Quran 6:108 Revile not ye those whom they call upon besides Allah, lest they out of spite revile Allah in their ignorance. Thus have We made alluring to each people its own doings. In the end will they return to their Lord, and We shall then tell them the truth of all that they did.
  • Al-Quran 4:171 O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth
  • Al-Quran 30:26 And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the variations in your languages and your colours: verily in that are Signs for those who know.
  • Al-Quran 49:6 O ye who believe! If a wicked person comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and afterwards become full of repentance for what ye have done.
  • Al-Quran 2:178 O ye who believe! the law of equality is prescribed to you in cases of murder: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, the woman for the woman. But if any remission is made by the brother of the slain, then grant any reasonable demand, and compensate him with handsome gratitude, this is a concession and a Mercy from your Lord. After this whoever exceeds the limits shall be in grave penalty.
  • Al-Quran 2:179-In the Law of Equality there is (saving of) Life to you, o ye men of understanding; that ye may restrain yourselves.
  • Al-Quran 5:69-Those who believe (in the Qur’an), those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Sabians and the Christians, any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness,-on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
  • Al-Quran 2:62-Those who believe (in the Qur’an), and those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Christians and the Sabians,- any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
  • Al-Quran 4:170-O Mankind! The Messenger hath come to you in truth from Allah: believe in him: It is best for you. But if ye reject Faith, to Allah belong all things in the heavens and on earth: And Allah is All-knowing, All-wise.
  • Al-Quran 42:38-43 Those who hearken to their Lord, and establish regular Prayer; who (conduct) their affairs by mutual Consultation; who spend out of what We bestow on them for Sustenance; And those who, when an oppressive wrong is inflicted on them, (are not cowed but) help and defend themselves. The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree): but if a person forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah: for (Allah) loveth not those who do wrong. But indeed if any do help and defend themselves after a wrong (done) to them, against such there is no cause of blame. The blame is only against those who oppress men and wrong-doing and insolently transgress beyond bounds through the land, defying right and justice: for such there will be a penalty grievous. But indeed if any show patience and forgive, that would truly be an exercise of courageous will and resolution in the conduct of affairs.
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 3, Book 48, Number 821- It was narrated by Anas (s)- The Prophet was asked about the great sins and he said, They are:—
    • To join others in worship with Allah,
    • To be undutiful to one’s parents.
    • To kill a person 
    • And to give a false witness.”
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 42: Narrated Jarir bin ‘Abdullah: The Prophet said, “He who is not merciful to others, will not be treated mercifully.”
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 3, Number 71, Narrated Muawiya (r): I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “If Allah wants to do good to a person, He makes him comprehend the religion. I am just a distributor, but the grant is from Allah

MIDDLE PATH

Many proponents of Buddhism speak vehemently about the middle path, patience, and perseverance as the distinguishing features of Buddhism. Many non-Buddhists too associate these terms with Buddhism. Unfortunately, Muslims have not been that effective in propagating that Islam too speaks for the middle path and a balanced approach to all facets of life.

  • Al-Quran 17:110- Say: Call upon Allah, or call upon Rahman: by whatever name ye call upon Him, (it is well): for to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. Neither speak thy Prayer aloud, nor speak it in a low tone, but seek a middle course between.
  • Al-Quran 3:64- Say: “O People of the Book! come to common terms as between us and you: That we worship none but Allah; that we associate no partners with him; that we erect not, from among ourselves, Lords and patrons other than Allah.” If then they turn back, say ye: “Bear witness that we (at least) are Muslims (bowing to Allah’s Will).
  • Al-Quran 2:177 Virtue does not consist in whether you face towards the East or the West; virtue means believing in God, the Last Day, the angels, the Book and the prophets; the virtuous are those who, despite their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to travelers and those who ask [for charity], and to set slaves free, and who attend to their prayers and pay the alms, and who keep their pledges when they make them, and show patience in hardship and adversity, and in times of distress. Such are the true believers; and such are the God- fearing.
  • Al-Quran 2:155- Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere.
  • Al-Quran 2:256-Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things.
  • Al-Quran 5:77- Say: “O people of the Book! exceed not in your religion the bounds (of what is proper), trespassing beyond the truth, nor follow the vain desires of people who went wrong in times gone by,- who misled many, and strayed (themselves) from the even way.
  • Sahih Bukhari 69- Prophet (s) said- Make things easy for others and not complicated. And make others happy and not angry.

DILIGENT FOCUS ON VIRTUES, GOOD MANNERS, RATIONALITY & OPTIMISM 

Islam diligently focuses on the aspect of imbibing good virtues and manners and promoting the temperament of rationality, hope, and optimism in all walks of life. Prophet Muhammad (s) asked people to make Islam beautiful with their graceful conduct and helping attitude. A person once inquired him about Islam and he replied that Islam is speaking kind words and feeding people. When asked again he told that Islam is patience and forgiveness. Subhanallah! In several of its verses, Quran asks people to inculcate good manners and refrain from shameful deeds in open and in secret. 

  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol 8, Book 73, No. 56: Narrated Masruq-‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr added, Allah’s Apostle said, ‘The best among you are those who have the best manners and character.”
  • Al-Quran 2:177 Virtue does not consist in whether you face towards the East or the West; virtue means believing in God, the Last Day, the angels, the Book and the prophets; the virtuous are those who, despite their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to travelers and those who ask for charity, and to set slaves free, and who attend to their prayers and pay the alms, and who keep their pledges when they make them, and show patience in hardship and adversity, and in times of distress. Such are the true believers; and such are the God- fearing.
  • Al-Quran 58:9 O ye who believe! When ye hold secret counsel, do it not for iniquity and hostility, and disobedience to the Prophet; but do it for righteousness and self-restraint; and fear Allah, to Whom ye shall be brought back.
  • Al-Quran 103:2-3 Verily Man is in loss, except such as have faith, and do righteous deeds, and (join together) in the mutual teaching of truth, and of patience and constancy.
  • Al-Quran 94:7-8 Verily, with every difficulty there is relief. Therefore, when thou art free, still labour hard.
  • Al-Quran 2:180- It is prescribed, when death approaches any of you, if he leave any goods that he make a bequest to parents and next of kin, according to reasonable usage; this is due from the Allah-fearing.
  • Al-Quran 6:120 Eschew all sin, open or secret: those who earn sin will get due recompense for their “earnings.”
  • Al-Quran 29:45- Recite what is sent of the Book by inspiration to thee, and establish regular Prayer: for Prayer restrains from shameful and unjust deeds; and remembrance of Allah is the greatest (thing in life) without doubt. And Allah knows the (deeds) that ye do.
  • Al-Quran 41:34- Nor can goodness and Evil be equal. Repel (Evil) with what is better: Then will he between whom and thee was hatred become as it were thy friend and intimate!
  • Al-Quran 49:12 O ye who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin: And spy not on each other behind their backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, ye would abhor it… But fear Allah: For Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.
  • Al-Quran 7:26- O ye Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you. But the raiment of righteousness,- that is the best. Such are among the Signs of Allah, that they may receive admonition!
  • Al-Quran 16:125- Invite (all) to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knoweth best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance.
  • Al-Quran 42:23 It is that of which Allah gives good tidings to His servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will through kinship.” And whoever commits a good deed – We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.
  • Al-Quran 42:38-43 Those who hearken to their Lord, and establish regular Prayer; who (conduct) their affairs by mutual Consultation; who spend out of what We bestow on them for Sustenance; And those who, when an oppressive wrong is inflicted on them, (are not cowed but) help and defend themselves. The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree): but if a person forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah: for (Allah) loveth not those who do wrong. But indeed if any do help and defend themselves after a wrong (done) to them, against such there is no cause of blame. The blame is only against those who oppress men and wrong-doing and insolently transgress beyond bounds through the land, defying right and justice: for such there will be a penalty grievous. But indeed if any show patience and forgive, that would truly be an exercise of courageous will and resolution in the conduct of affairs.
  • Miskat-ul Masabeeh 5813- Sahabas (r) reported that Prophet was a shy person. When he would see something unpleasant or shameful, we could sense the severe unease on his face.
  • Miskat-ul Masabeeh 5331- If someone prays, fasts or indulge in philanthropic activities and charity for the sake of show-off, then  its akin to hypocrisy and blasphemy
  • Miskat-ul Masabeeh 4988- Ibn Masood (r) reported that a person once asked Prophet (s) that how he can know whether he is a good or a bad person. Prophet replied- “When you hear you neighbour saying good about you, you are good and if says otherwise, you are bad.”
  • Sahih Muslim- Whosoever of you sees an evil, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then let him change it with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart- and that is the weakest form of faith.
  • Riyadh-al-saliheen Vol 1, Hadith 7- Allah does not look at your bodies nor your forms but He looks at your hearts and your actions.
  • Sahih Bukhari 73- Prophet (s) said- “Do not wish to be like anyone except in two cases. (The first is) A person, whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it righteously; (the second is) the one whom Allah has given wisdom and he acts according to it and teaches it to others.”
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 12A man asked the Prophet, “What sort of deeds or qualities of Islam are good?” The Prophet replied, ‘To feed (the poor) and greet those whom you know and those whom you do not Know.’ 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 116-Allah’s Apostle said- “Truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on telling the truth until he becomes a truthful person. Falsehood leads to Al Fajur (i.e. wickedness, evil-doing), and Al Fajur (wickedness) leads to the (Hell) Fire, and a man may keep on telling lies till he is written before Allah, a liar.
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 83: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “Whoever does not give up false statements (i.e. telling lies), and evil deeds, and speaking bad words to others, Allah is not in need of his (fasting) leaving his food and drink.”
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 135: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength, but the strong is the one who controls himself while in anger.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Vol 7, Book 65, Number 286, Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari: The Prophet said, “Give food to the hungry, pay a visit to the sick and release (set free) the one in captivity (by paying his ransom).”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol 7, Book 72, Number 773, Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: Allah’s Apostle cursed those men who are in the similitude (assume the manners) of women and those women who are in the similitude (assume the manners) of men.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol 8, Book 73, Number 10-Narrated Abu Sufyan: That Emperor Heraclius sent for me and asked, “What did the Prophet order you to do?” I replied, “He orders us to offer prayers; to give alms; to be chaste; and to keep good relations with our relatives.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol 8, Book 73, Number 43, Narrated Aisha: The Prophet said, Gabriel continued to recommend me about treating the neighbours in a kind and polite manner, so much so that I thought that he would order (me) to make them (my) heirs.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol 8, Book 74, Number 250: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “The young should greet the old, the passer by should greet the sitting one, and the small group of persons should greet the large group of persons. ”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol 8, Book 74, Number 286, The Prophet said, “A man should not make another man get up from his (the latter’s) seat (in a gathering) in order to sit there.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 8, Book 76, Hadith 541: Narrated Abu Huraira-Allah’s Messenger said, “Whoever has wronged his brother, should ask for his pardon (before his death), as (in the Hereafter) there will be neither a Dinar nor a Dirham. (He should secure pardon in this life) before some of his good deeds are taken and paid to his brother, or, if he has done no good deeds, some of the bad deeds of his brother are taken to be loaded on him (in the Hereafter).
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 8, Book 77, Hadith 605: Narrated Ibn Umar: The Prophet forbade vowing and said, “In fact, vowing does not prevent anything, but it makes a miser to spend his property.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 89, Hadith 298, Narrated `Aisha: Allah’s Messenger (s) said, “The most hated person in the sight of Allah, is the most quarrelsome person.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 90, Hadith 341, Narrated Saad bin Ubaid: (the Maula of `Abdur-Rahman bin Azhar) Allah’s Messenger (s) said, “None of you should long for death, for if he is a good man, he may increase his good deeds, and if he is an evil-doer, he may stop the evil deeds and repent.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 91, Hadith 361, Narrated Anas-The Prophet (s) said, “For every nation there is an Amin (honest, trustworthy person) and the Amin of this nation is Abu ‘Ubaida.
  • Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 92, Hadith 382, Narrated `Abdullah: The best talk (speech) is Allah’s Book ‘Qur’an), and the best way is the way of Muhammad, and the worst matters are the heresies (those new things which are introduced into the religion); and whatever you have been promised will surely come to pass, and you cannot escape (it).

RESPECT OF PARENTS, RELATIVES, ETC

However funny it might sound but many non-Muslims indeed think that by submitting to Allah, Muslims abandon their parents and that worship of God means disrespect of parents. A Brahmin friend once told me that he would rather worship his parents over God because his parents do so many things for him. I told him that he should be thankful to that entity who causes his parents to do so many things for him. Islam mandates kindness in dealing with one’s parents. As per a Hadith of Sahih Bukhari, to be good and dutiful to one’s parents is 2nd dearest thing to Allah after worship. Many hadiths refer to parents as the door to heaven. To be disrespectful to one’s parents is one of the greatest sins in Islam. Indeed, if one is disrespectful to his/her parents, then they are disrespectful to the Almighty. 

  • Al-Quran 46:15We have enjoined on man kindness to his parents: In pain did his mother bear him, and in pain did she give him birth. The carrying of the (child) to his weaning is (a period of) thirty months. At length, when he reaches the age of full strength and attains forty years, he says, “O my Lord! Grant me that I may be grateful for Thy favour which Thou has bestowed upon me, and upon both my parents, and that I may work righteousness such as Thou mayest approve; and be gracious to me in my issue. Truly have I turned to Thee and truly do I bow (to Thee) in Islam.
  • Al-Quran 6:151- Say: “Come, I will rehearse what Allah hath (really) prohibited you from”: Join not anything as equal with Him; be good to your parents; kill not your children on a plea of want;- We provide sustenance for you and for them;- come not nigh to shameful deeds. Whether open or secret; take not life, which Allah hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.
  • Al-Quran 42:23 It is that of which Allah gives good tidings to His servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will through kinship.” And whoever commits a good deed – We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 10, Number 505 It was narrated by Abdullah (r)- I asked the Prophet “Which deed is the dearest to Allah?” He replied, “To offer the prayers at their early stated fixed times.” I asked, “What is the next (in goodness)?” He replied, “To be good and dutiful to your parents” I again asked, “What is the next (in goodness)?” He replied, ‘To fight in Allah’s cause.” ‘Abdullah added, “I asked only that much and if I had asked more, the Prophet would have told me more.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 3, Book 48, Number 821- It was narrated by Anas (s)- The Prophet was asked about the great sins and he said, “They are:To join others in worship with Allah,To be undutiful to one’s parents.To kill a person And to give a false witness.”  
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 2 Narrated Abu Huraira- A man came to Allah’s Apostle and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Who is more entitled to be treated with the best companionship by me?” The Prophet said, “Your mother.” The man said. “Who is next?” The Prophet said, “Your mother.” The man further said, “Who is next?” The Prophet said, “Your mother.” The man asked for the fourth time, “Who is next?” The Prophet said, “Your father.”
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 4: Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr: Allah’s Apostle said. “It is one of the greatest sins that a man should curse his parents.” It was asked (by the people), “O Allah’s Apostle! How does a man curse his parents?” The Prophet said, “‘The man abuses the father of another man and the latter abuses the father of the former and abuses his mother.”  
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 18: Narrated ‘Aisha (r): The Prophet said, “The word ‘Ar-Rahm’ (womb) derives its name from ‘Ar-Rahman’ (i.e. Allah). So whosoever keeps good relations with it (womb i.e. Kith and kin), Allah will keep good relations with him, and whosoever will sever it (i.e. severs his bonds of Kith and kin) Allah too will sever His relations with him
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 14-Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “Whoever is pleased that he be granted more wealth and that his lease of life be pro longed, then he should keep good relations with his Kith and kin.

THE ORIGIN, SCIENCE & EXPLORATION 

A very renowned Islamic scholar (may Allah bless him) once said that science tells us how things happen but Quran tells us why things happen and the force behind them all. So true Subhanallah! Holy Quran is one of the few religious scriptures that never stood in the way of scientific discoveries and explorations so much so that one verse of Holy Quran asks humankind to go even beyond the realms of sun and moon if they can, Allahu Akbar! In fact, the very first verse of the Quran exhorts humankind to read and explore. In many of its verses, it possibly gives hints about major scientific discoveries such as Big-Bang, evolution, cycles of creation, the origin of living things from water, etc. Many of the verses remind humankind that how everything has been created in due proportion and balanced manner. 

  • Al-Quran 21:30 Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder?We made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe? 
  • Al-Quran 86:5 So let man reflect (introspect) from what he was created.
  • Al-Quran 25:54 It is He Who has created man from water: then has He established relationships of lineage and marriage: for thy Lord has power (over all things).
  • Al-Quran 30:27 It is He Who begins (the process of) creation; then repeats it; and for Him it is most easy. To Him belongs the loftiest similitude (we can think of) in the heavens and the earth: for He is Exalted in Might, full of wisdom.
  • Al-Quran 29:44- Allah created the heavens and the earth in true (proportions): verily in that is a Sign for those who believe.
  • Al-Quran 82:1-3Glorify the name of thy Guardian-Lord Most High, Who hath created, and further, given order and proportion; Who hath ordained laws. And granted guidance;
  • Al-Quran 10:5-6 It is He Who made the sun to be a shining glory and the moon to be a light (of beauty), and measured out stages for her; that ye might know the number of years and the count (of time). Nowise did Allah create this but in truth and righteousness. (Thus) doth He explain His Signs in detail, for those who understand. Verily, in the alternation of the night and the day, and in all that Allah hath created, in the heavens and the earth, are signs for those who fear Him. 
  • Al-Quran 55:33-34 If you have the power to go beyond the realms of the heavens and the earth, pass beyond them: you cannot pass out but with our authority. Which of your Lord’s wonders would you deny?

WOMEN RIGHTS

Notwithstanding the prevailing belief of general public on this issue, it has been recognised and accepted by learned ones and professors of religion and family laws across institutions of global repute that Islam conferred rights of great significance including property rights on women way back in the 6th century, which women in other parts of the world didn’t get as late as 18th century. It would be pertinent to quote a para from Huffington Post on this issue- “The prophet Muhammad would be appalled by how current Islamic Fundamentalists are treating women under their control. This suppression is done in the name of Islamic Law, known as Sharia. But the current suppression of women is shaped by cultural and history. It has little basis in the Quran and it is certainly not consistent with anything we know about what Muhammad taught or how he treated women. Of all the founders of the great religions – Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Islam, and Judaism — Muhammad was easily the most radical and empowering in his treatment of women. Arguably he was history’s first feminist.”

Many critiques point out that even if Islam granted such and such rights on women hundreds of years ago, it gave them lesser rights compared to a man. To buttress their claims they selectively cite certain verses from the Holy Quran out of the context. They forget that there are many other verses in the Holy Quran that place equal and similar obligations on both men and women. For instances in verse 71 of chapter 7, it says that men and women both are protectors of one another. One should remember that each Quranic verse has a context to it and all verses have to be read not only in totality but also in justice, equity and good faith keeping in the overarching framework of justice, fairness, and equity which forms the backbone of Islam. If they rely on this aspect, they will not find any absurdity in any verse of the Holy Quran. If looked in that spirit one would notice that Quran clearing forbids inheriting of women against their will. It prohibits treating women with harshness and it mandates equity and utmost kindness in dealing with them. Prophet (s) said the best amongst men are those who are best in character while dealing with women. As far as dressing is concerned, the Quran prescribes modest dressing for both men and women. As far as the creation of human beings is concerned, the Quran says that Allah created them from a single (pair) of a male and a female. Even if we go by a strict literal interpretation, I didn’t find a single verse in Quran which says that women are inferior and weak but I did found several verses which say that man was created weak. But I can present a plethora of verses from Hindu scriptures which say that women are not only weak and inferior but also inherently evil who often lead men astray. Quran, on the other hand, refers to women as ‘Mohsina’ ie fortress against evil. Subhanallah!

  • Al-Quran 9:71- The Believers, men and women, are protectors one of another: they enjoin what is just, and forbid what is evil: they observe regular prayers, practise regular charity, and obey Allah and His Messenger. On them will Allah pour His mercy: for Allah is Exalted in power, Wise.
  • Al-Quran 30:21- And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts): verily in that are Signs for those who reflect.
  • Al-Quran 4:32 And in no wise covet those things in which Allah Hath bestowed His gifts More freely on some of you than on others: To men is allotted what they earn, and to women what they earn: But ask Allah of His bounty. For Allah hath full knowledge of all things.
  • Al-Quran 3:19 O ye who believe! Ye are forbidden to inherit women against their will.Nor should ye treat them with harshness, that ye may Take away part of the dower ye have given them,-except where they have been guilty of open lewdness; on the contrary live with them on a footing of kindness and equity. If ye take a dislike to them it may be that ye dislike a thing, and Allah brings about through it a great deal of good.
  • Al-Quran 7:26 O ye Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you. But the raiment of righteousness,- that is the best. Such are among the Signs of Allah, that they may receive admonition!
  • Al-Quran 4:28 Allah doth wish to lighten your (difficulties): For man was created Weak (in flesh).
  • Tirmidhi 1162- Prophet (s) said- The best amongst you are those who are best to their women
  • Prophet Muhammad (s) in his last sermon- “O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under a trust from God and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 2 Narrated Abu Huraira- A man came to Allah’s Apostle and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Who is more entitled to be treated with the best companionship by me?” The Prophet said, “Your mother.” The man said. “Who is next?” The Prophet said, “Your mother.” The man further said, “Who is next?” The Prophet said, “Your mother.” The man asked for the fourth time, “Who is next?” The Prophet said, “Your father.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 9, Book 86, Number 99, Narrated Al-Qasim-‘A woman from the offspring of Ja’far was afraid lest her guardian marry her (to somebody) against her will. So she sent for two elderly men from the Ansar, ‘AbdurRahman and Mujammi’, the two sons of Jariya, and they said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for Khansa’ bint Khidam was given by her father in marriage against her will, then the Prophet cancelled that marriage.” (See Hadith No. 78)

ISLAMIC BROTHERHOOD

Islamic Brotherhood is based not on immobile and rigid parameters of race, caste, bloodline, background, place of origin, etc but on the unassailable pillars of Imaan, faith, and belief. Anyone regardless of his race, caste or background can become part of this brotherhood. And Muslims are more than happy in inviting non-Muslims to be a part of this brotherhood. In fact, this is their religious obligation. And the power of this faith/belief-based brotherhood in Islam is recognized by non-Muslims and the elites amongst them sometimes fear its powerful proselytic tendencies which disturb their dominant status-quo. Holy Quran strictly prohibits any kind of division, discord, discrimination, and resentment amongst Muslims. A Muslim is supposed to treat other Muslims as he/she would treat his/her own kith and kin and it is akin to an article of faith in Islam which he/she is never supposed to violate. Pledging loyalty to this brotherhood is inscribed not only in the holy books but also is a part and parcel of daily prayers. A Muslim is required to pray fives times a day and no prayer is complete without ‘Tashahhud’ in which he/she prays for the well being of all other Muslims and by standing shoulder to shoulder they take the pledge of loyalty to each other and of equality and fraternity on a daily basis. All of this has been beautifully reflected and enshrined in the verses of the Quran and sayings of the Holy Prophet (s).

  • Al-Quran 49:10- The Believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers; and fear Allah, that ye may receive Mercy.
  • Al-Quran 3:103 Hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. Remember the favor of Allah upon you, when you were enemies and he brought your hearts together and you became brothers by his favor.
  • Al-Quran 9:71 The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and establish prayer and give charity and obey Allah and His Messenger..”
  • Al-Quran 49:11 O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one’s] faith. And whoever does not repent – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.
  • Al-Quran 49:12 O you who have believed, avoid much negative assumptions. Indeed, some assumption is sin. And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear God; indeed, God is accepting of repentance and merciful
  • Al-Quran 42:23 It is that of which Allah gives good tidings to His servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will through kinship.” And whoever commits a good deed – We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.
  • Al-Quran 59:10 Our Lord! forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts any resentment toward those who have faith. Our Lord, you are kind and merciful.
  • Riyadh-as-Saliheen by Imam Al-Nawawi, Volume 2, Hadith number 233 Messenger of Allah said- A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He should not wrong him nor surrender him to his enemy.” 
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 5718 Messenger of Allah said- “Do not hate each other, do not envy each other, do not turn away from each other, but rather be servants of Allah as brothers. It is not lawful for a Muslim to boycott his brother Muslim for more than three days.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 3, Book 43, Hadith 622- “A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim, so he should not oppress him, nor should he hand him over to an oppressor. Whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfill his needs; whoever brought his (Muslim) brother out of a discomfort, Allah will bring him out of the discomforts of the Day of Resurrection, and whoever screened a Muslim, Allah will screen him on the Day of Resurrection.”
  • Sahih Bukhari Vol. 3, Book 43, Hadith 624 Allah’s Messenger (s) said, “Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or he is an oppressed one. People asked, “O Allah’s Messenger! It is all right to help him if he is oppressed, but how should we help him if he is an oppressor?” The Prophet said, “By preventing him from oppressing others.
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 9 The Prophet said, “A Muslim is the one who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue and hands. And a Muhajir (emigrant) is the one who gives up (abandons) all what Allah has forbidden.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 10Some people asked Allah’s Apostle, “Who is a very good Muslim?” He replied, “One who avoids harming the Muslims with his tongue and hands.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 12 The Prophet said, “None of you will have faith till he wishes for his (Muslim) brother what he likes for himself.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 70: Narrated ‘Abdullah: Allah’s Apostle said, “Abusing a Muslim is Fusuq (i.e., an evil-doing), and killing him is Kufr (dis- belief).” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 91: Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not hate one another, and do not be jealous of one another, and do not desert each other, and O, Allah’s worshipers! Be brothers. Lo! It is not permissible for any Muslim to desert (not talk to) his brother (Muslim) for more than three days.”

CONVERSION/REVERSION TO ISLAM

In the light of the Holy Quran and authentic Hadiths, many learned scholars in Islam have opined in that the act of non-Muslims accepting Islam should not be called conversion but reversion. And they base their argument on several Quranic verses and Hadiths which say that all human beings are born Muslims and it is later that their parents teach them to seek patrons other than the Almighty and therefore when a person comes back to the fold of Islam, its an act of reversion. Leaving aside semantics, Islam lays great emphasis that who come back to the fold of Islam be welcomed and accepted immediately so that all become one. Islam also lays down certain obligations on other Muslims in this regard so that the new Muslims do not feel alienated and their rights are duly protected and honored. All obligations of Islamic brotherhood discussed in the previous section applies here as well. It is quite fascinating to see the whole place erupting in Takbir- Allahu Akbar! Allahu Akbar (God is the Greatest) when someone accepts Islam publicly. Dr. Mohannad Hakeem writes- “Two legends of the Muslim history, Khalid ibn Al-Waleed, and Amr ibn Al-As, embraced Islam at the same day and gave a huge boost to this deen. Khalid was the one who led the Muslim army to conquer Iraq, Persia (Iran), Armenia, and Shaam (Syria & Lebanon). Amr ibn Al-As was the one who spread Islam in Palestine and Egypt. Imagine the huge impact that these two men gave to Islam. How many people were introduced to Islam and later on contributed to it and to humanity through them? All that was influenced by those new (and in comparison to other companions, late) converts.”

  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 2, Book 23, Number 441 Narrated Abu Huraira- Allah’s Apostle said, “Every child is born with a true faith of Islam (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone) but his parents convert him to Judaism, Christianity or Paganism, as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal. Do you find it mutilated?” Then Abu Huraira recited the holy verses: “The pure Allah’s Islamic nature (true faith of Islam) (i.e. worshipping none but Allah) with which He has created human beings. No change let there be in the religion of Allah (i.e. joining none in worship with Allah). That is the straight religion (Islam) but most of men know, not.” 
  • Al-Quran 30:30 So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. Adhere to the fitrah of Allah upon which He has created all people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah . That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know
  • Miskat-ul Masabeeh 3064- Tamim Dari (r) narrated- I asked Allah’s Apostle about the mandate of Shariat regarding those who accept Islam. He (s) replied- “You are obliged to protect his life, liberty and property and he is more entitled to it than you.” 
  • Miskat-ul Masabeeh 4069- Aisha (r) narrated- Some people said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Meat is brought to us by some people and we are not sure whether the name of Allah has been mentioned on it or not (at the time of slaughtering the animals).” Allah’s Apostle said (to them), “Mention the name of Allah and eat it.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 2, Book 24, Number 517- Narrated Hakim bin Hizam- I said to Allah’s Apostle, “Before embracing Islam I used to do good deeds like giving in charity, slave-manumitting, and the keeping of good relations with Kith and kin. Shall I be rewarded for those deeds?” The Prophet replied, “You became Muslim with all those good deeds (Without losing their reward).”  
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 57, Number 12: Narrated ‘Ammar: I saw Allah’s Apostle and there was none with him but five slaves, two women and Abu Bakr (i.e. those were the only converts to Islam back then).

THE FINAL MESSENGER AND THE FINAL REVELATION

Many non-Muslims think that Prophet Muhammad (s) is the founder of Islam and that he is the only Prophet in Islam and that Muslims believe in only one religious scripture that is the Quran. But Prophet Muhammad (s) is neither the founder of Islam nor the Quran the only revelation from God. In fact, according to Islam, there have been lakhs of messengers (peace be upon them all) before Muhammad (s) out of which some have been mentioned by name in Quran. If we go by the name, Jesus (s) have been mentioned more times than Muhammad (s) in the Holy Quran. Similarly, there have been other revelations from God before the Quran. Muhammad (s) and Quran (s) gain wide significance in modern times because they are the final messenger and revelation respectively who sum-up, compliment and confirm the previous revelations. Quran cautions that all messengers are to be accorded equal respect and prohibits discrimination or differentiation amongst them. Hope the verses cited below will clear a lot of misconceptions regarding this issue.

  • Al-Quran 10:37 This Qur’an is not such as can be produced by other than Allah; on the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book – wherein there is no doubt – from the Lord of the worlds.
  • Al-Quran 39:23 Allah has revealed (from time to time) the most beautiful Message in the form of a Book, consistent with itself, (yet) repeating (its teaching in various aspects): the skins of those who fear their Lord tremble thereat; then their skins and their hearts do soften to the celebration of Allah’s praises. Such is the guidance of Allah: He guides therewith whom He pleases, but such as Allah leaves to stray, can have none to guide.
  • Al-Quran 42:13 The same religion has He established for you as that which He enjoined on Noah – the which We have sent by inspiration to thee – and that which We enjoined on Abraham, Moses, and Jesus: Namely, that ye should remain steadfast in religion, and make no divisions therein: to those who worship other things than Allah, hard is the (way) to which thou callest them. Allah chooses to Himself those whom He pleases, and guides to Himself those who turn (to Him).
  • Al-Quran 6:42- Before thee We sent (messengers) to many nations, and We afflicted the nations with suffering and adversity, that they might learn humility.
  • 4:150-151 Those who deny Allah and His messengers, and (those who) wish to separate Allah from His messengers, saying: “We believe in some but reject others”: And (those who) wish to take a course midway, they are in truth (equally) unbelievers; and we have prepared for unbelievers a humiliating punishment.
  • Al-Quran 4:136 O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the scripture which He hath sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before (him). Any who denieth Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Day of Judgment, hath gone far, far astray.
  • Al-Quran 46:9 Say [O Muhammad], ‘I am not the first of God’s messengers, and I do not know what will be done with me or with you: I do not follow anything but what is revealed to me, and I am merely a plain warner.’ 
  • Al-Quran 33:40-Muhammad is not the father of [any] one of your men, but [he is] the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets. And ever is Allah, of all things, Knowing.
  • Al-Quran 5:48-To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that came before it, and guarding it in safety: so judge between them by what Allah hath revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging from the Truth that hath come to thee. To each among you have we prescribed a law and an open way. If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a single people, but (His plan is) to test you in what He hath given you: so strive as in a race in all virtuesThe goal of you all is to Allah; it is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which ye dispute;
  • Al-Quran 30:30 So direct your face toward the religion, inclining to truth. Adhere to the fitrah of Allah upon which He has created all people. No change should there be in the creation of Allah . That is the correct religion, but most of the people do not know
  • Al-Quran 2:100 We have sent down clear signs to you and no one will reject them except the wicked.
  • Al-Quran 2:114 Who could be more wicked than someone who prevents God’s name from being mentioned in His places of worship, and seeks to bring about their ruin.
  • Al-Quran 18:57-58 Who is more wicked than he who has been reminded of the revelations of his Lord, then turns away from them and forgets what his own hands have done? We have cast veils over their hearts lest they understand Our words, and made them hard of hearing. Call them as you may to the right path, they shall never be guided. Your Lord is the Forgiving One, the possessor of mercy
  • Al-Quran 42:3 Thus has He revealed to you, [O Muhammad], as (He did) to those before you – Allah, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.
  • Al-Quran 42:7 And thus We have revealed to you an Arabic Qur’an that thou mayest warn the Mother of Cities and all around her,- and warn (them) of the Day of Assembly, of which there is no doubt: (when) some will be in the Garden, and some in the Blazing Fire.
  • Al-Quran 42:15 So to that [religion of Allah ] invite, [O Muhammad], and remain on a right course as you are commanded and do not follow their inclinations but say, “I have believed in what Allah has revealed of the Qur’an, and I have been commanded to do justice among you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. For us are our deeds, and for you your deeds. There is no [need for] argument between us and you. Allah will bring us together, and to Him is the [final] destination.
  • Al-Quran 42:17 It is Allah Who has sent down the Book in Truth, and the Balance (by which to weigh conduct). And what will make thee realise that perhaps the Hour is close at hand?
  • Al-Quran 42:18 Those who do not believe in it are impatient for it, but those who believe are fearful of it and know that it is the truth. Unquestionably, those who dispute concerning the Hour are in extreme error.
  • Al-Quran 42:21 Or have they other deities who have ordained for them a religion to which Allah has not consented? But if not for the decisive word, it would have been concluded between them. And indeed, the wrongdoers will have a painful punishment.
  • Al-Quran 42:23 It is that of which Allah gives good tidings to His servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will through kinship.” And whoever commits a good deed – We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.
  • Al-Quran 42:24 What! Do they say, “He has forged a falsehood against Allah”? But if Allah willed, He could seal up thy heart. And Allah blots out Vanity, and proves the Truth by His Words. For He knows well the secrets of all hearts.
  • Al-Quran 43:31-32 They said, ‘Why was this Quran not sent down to one of the great men of the two cities?’ Is it they who apportion the mercy of your Lord? It is We who distribute among them their livelihood in the life of this world, and raise some of them above others in rank, so that they may take one another into service; and the mercy of your Lord is better than [the wealth] which they amass.
  • Al-Quran 43:20-25 They say, ‘If the All Merciful had so willed, we would not have worshipped them.’ They have no knowledge of that. They are only conjecturing. Have We given them a Book before this, to which they are holding fast? No indeed! They say, ‘We have found our fathers following a certain course, and we are guided by their footsteps.’ Whenever We sent a messenger before you to warn a township, the affluent among them said, in the same way, ‘We saw our fathers following this tradition; we are only following in their footsteps.’ Each messenger said, ‘What if I should bring you better guidance than what you found your forefathers had?’ They replied, ‘We reject any message you have been sent with!’ So We wreaked Our vengeance on them: now see what was the end of those who rejected [the Truth]!
  • Al-Quran 3:73-74 Say to them, ‘Surely, the true guidance is the guidance from God.’ But you think it is impossible that someone else may be granted [revelation] such as you were granted or else that they should contend against you before your Lord. Say, All grace is in the hands of God; He grants it to whom He wills: for God is boundless, and all knowing, He singles out for His mercy whoever He pleases. God is the Lord of exceeding bounty.
  • Al-Quran 6:95 By God! We have sent messengers before you to other nations. But Satan made their [foul] deeds seem fair to them and today he is their patron. It is God who splits the seed and the fruit-stone. He brings forth the living from the dead, and the dead from the living. That is God. How then can you, deluded, turn away from the truth?
  • Al-Quran 3:24 The false beliefs which they have invented have deluded them in the matter of their religion.
  • Al-Quran 12:39-40 Joseph said-O my two fellow-prisoners! Are many diverse lords better, or God, the One, the Almighty? All those you worship instead of Him are mere names you and your forefathers have invented, names for which God has sent down no authority: all power belongs to God alone, and He orders you to worship none but Him: this is the true faith, though most people do not realize it.
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1 Book 3 Number 106: Narrated ‘Ali (r): The Prophet said, “Do not tell a lie against me for whoever tells a lie against me (intentionally) then he will surely enter the Hell-fire.”  (Also confirmed by Salma (r) in number 109 of the same book and volume)
  • Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 92, Hadith 382, Narrated `Abdullah: The best talk (speech) is Allah’s Book ‘Qur’an), and the best way is the way of Muhammad, and the worst matters are the heresies (those new things which are introduced into the religion); and whatever you have been promised will surely come to pass, and you cannot escape (it).
  • Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 92, Hadith 422, Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri: The Prophet (s) said, “You will follow the ways of those nations who were before you, span by span and cubit by cubit (i.e., inch by inch) so much so that even if they entered a hole of a mastigure, you would follow them.” We said, “O Allah’s Messenger (s)! (Do you mean) the Jews and the Christians?” He said, “Whom else?”
  • Al-Quran 30:43 Set your face to the right religion, before that Day comes from God which cannot be averted.

ALLAH THE SUPREME SOVEREIGN

In Islam, the true sovereignty belongs not to human beings but to the Allah Almighty who is the originator of all that exists. Through the ages, he has let known his guidance to humankind through various sages and Prophets. Amongst his many attributes mentioned in Al-Quran is that he is the most merciful. When a human being submits his/her will and obeisance to the Supreme Almighty in the true spirit, he/she will naturally forgo his hubris, whims, and fancies in his/her dealings of life at whatever position he/she is and work according to book of Allah which preaches peace, equity and justice. That is the Islamic way life- being cognizant of the Almighty in everything we do for us and for others.   

  • Al-Quran 6:103 No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things.
  • Al-Quran 112:1-4 Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute master; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him.
  • Al-Quran 4:132- And to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is Allah as Disposer of affairs. (Wa Lillahi ma fissamawati wa ma fil ard. Wa kafa bi Allahi waqeela) 
  • Al-Quran 30:22-26 And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the variations in your languages and your colours: verily in that are Signs for those who know. And among His Signs is the sleep that ye take by night and by day, and the quest that ye (make for livelihood) out of His Bounty: verily in that are signs for those who hearken. And among His Signs, He shows you the lightning, by way both of fear and of hope, and He sends down rain from the sky and with it gives life to the earth after it is dead: verily in that are Signs for those who are wise. And among His Signs is this, that heaven and earth stand by His Command: then when He calls you, by a single call, from the earth, behold, ye (straightway) come forth. And to Him belongs every being that is in the heavens and on earth: all are devoutly obedient to Him.
  • Al-Quran 42:4 To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and He is the Most High, the Most Great.
  • Al-Quran 42:7-And those who take as protectors others besides HimAllah doth watch over them; and thou art not the disposer of their affairs.
  • Al-Quran 42:11 [He is] Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you from yourselves, mates, and among the cattle, mates; He multiplies you thereby. There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.
  • Al-Quran 42:12 To Him belong the keys of the heavens and the earth. He extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it]. Indeed He is, of all things, Knowing.
  • Al-Quran Al-Quran 42:17 It is Allah Who has sent down the Book in Truth, and the Balance (by which to weigh conduct). And what will make thee realise that perhaps the Hour is close at hand?
  • Al-Quran 42:19 Gracious is Allah to His servants: He gives Sustenance to whom He pleases: and He has power and can carry out His Will.
  • Al-Quran 42:25 And it is He who accepts repentance from his servants and pardons misdeeds, and He knows what you do.
  • Al-Quran 42:26 And He listens to those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, and gives them increase of His Bounty: but for the Unbelievers their is a terrible Penalty.
  • Al Quran 42:28 He is the One that sends down rain (even) after (men) have given up all hope, and scatters His Mercy (far and wide). And He is the Protector, Worthy of all Praise.
  • Al Quran 42:29 And of his signs is the creation of the heavens and earth and what He has dispersed throughout them of creatures. And He, for gathering them when He wills, is competent.
  • Al Quran 42:29 Whatever misfortune happens to you, is because on the things your hands have wrought, and for many (of them) He grants forgiveness.
  • Al-Quran 189-90 And to Allah belongs the dominion of the Heaven and Earth, and Allah is over all things. Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding.”
  • Al-Quran 10:6 Verily, in the alternation of the night and the day, and in all that He has created in the heavens and the earth, are signs for those who fear him.
  • Al-Quran 31:20 Do you not see that He has made what is in the heaven and Earth subservient to you and made complete to you His favours outwardly and inwardly?
  • Al Quran 31:10 He created the heavens without pillars as you see them, and put mountains upon the Earth lest it might convulse with you, and H e spread it with animals of all kinds; and We sent down water from the clouds, then caused to grow therein (vegetation) of every noble kind.
  • Al-Quran 40:64-68 He is the Living One. There is no deity save Him. So pray to Him, making religion pure for Him [only]. Praise be to God, the Lord of the Universe! Say, ‘I have been forbidden to invoke those whom you invoke besides God seeing that clear signs have come to me from my Lord; and I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of the Universe.’It is He who created you from dust, then from a drop of fluid, then from a tiny, clinging form, then He brought you forth as infants, then He allowed you to reach maturity, then He let you grow old though some of you die sooner and reach your appointed term so that you may reflect. It is He who gives life and death, and when He ordains a thing, He says only, ‘Be!’ and it is.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari-Vol. 9, Book 93, Hadith 477, Narrated Masruq: `Aisha said, “If anyone tells you that Muhammad has seen his Lord, he is a liar, for Allah says: ‘No vision can grasp Him.’ (6.103) And if anyone tells you that Muhammad has seen the Unseen, he is a liar, for Allah says: “None has the knowledge of the Unseen but Allah.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari-Vol. 9, Book 93, Hadith 530, Narrated Jarir bin `Abdullah: The Prophet (s) said, “You will definitely see your Lord with your own eyes.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari-Vol. 9, Book 93, Hadith 535, Narrated `Adi bin Hatim: Allah’s Messenger (s) said, “There will be none among you but his Lord will speak to him, and there will be no interpreter between them nor a screen to screen Him.

BUSINESS IN THE NAME OF RELIGION FORBIDDEN

Islam strictly prohibits the business of religion. Holy Quran castigates those who manipulate religious scriptures in order to do business out of it. A Hadith says that those who seek the knowledge of the religion for the purpose of hoarding material benefits of this world will be deprived of the rewards of the hereafter. 

  • Al-Quran 2:78 There are among them unlettered people who have no real knowledge of the Scriptures, knowing only their own wishful thinking and following only conjecture. Woe to those who write the scripture with their own hands, and then declare, ‘This is from God,’ in order to sell it for a paltry price. Woe to them because of what their own hands have written, and woe to them for what they have earned
  • Al-Quran 3:187-188 God made a covenant with those who were given the Book to make it known to people and not conceal it. But they cast it behind their backs and bartered it for a paltry price: what an evil bargain they made! Those who exult in their misdeeds and love to be praised for what they have not done should not suppose that they are secure from punishment; they shall suffer a grievous punishment. 
  • Al-Quran 42:23 It is that of which Allah gives good tidings to His servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will through kinship.” And whoever commits a good deed – We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.
  • Miskat-ul Masabeeh 227- Narrated Abu Hurairah (r)- Messenger of Allah said- “A person who seeks the knowledge (which is for pleasing God) just for the sake earning the material benefits of this world will not be entitled to rewards of the hereafter.”

CONCLUSION

  • A perusal of the above mentioned verses show that Islam poses no threat to Humankind as is claimed by Islamophobes all over the world. In fact, these priceless gems of Islamic guidance can bring sustainable and lasting peace in the world if incorporated in a fair manner. 
  • One cannot remain unimpressed by the Islamic Norms provided one studies them in good faith and sans personal or preconceived notion biases.
  • There is an obvious and quite predictable pattern to Islamophobia. An overwhelming majority of Islamophobes come from the elite and upper echelons of a given society. And they hate Islam because its egalitarian norms/values militates against their hegemonic status quo by empowering the proletariats and other oppressed classes. So next time you see anyone criticising or abusing Islam, do look at his/her background (ie race, caste and socio-economic status, etc) and you will notice that in majority of cases, that person would be coming from a race/caste-based bourgeois class/caste. 
  • Next time you see any abusive content (online or offline) about Islam, don’t believe it and verify it from totality of facts and circumstances and ascertain the true Islamic principles at both normative and descriptive levels. 
    • Al-Quran 49:6 O ye who believe! If a wicked person comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest ye harm people unwittingly, and afterwards become full of repentance for what ye have done.
  • Uphold the virtues of Islam. Politeness, Philanthropy, Patience, and Forgiveness amongst other things are the Jewels of Islam according to Prophet Muhammad (s). 

May the Almighty strengthen our faith and resolve in righteousness and truth and may he grant us correct understanding and forgiveness. All praise to him only, the cherisher, sustainer and supreme sovereign of all that exists. Amen!

Peace!🌹


Bibliography

  1. Al-Quran (English Translations by Yusuf Ali and Sahih International)
  2. Sahih al-Bukhari (English Translation by M Muhsin Khan)
  3. Sahih al-Muslim (English Translation by Abdul Hamid Siddique)

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