ATUL DEPAK

Law Student, New Delhi

DILIGENT FOCUS ON VIRTUES, GOOD MANNERS, RATIONALITY & OPTIMISM

Islam diligently focuses on the aspect of imbibing good virtues and manners and promoting the temperament of rationality, hope, and optimism in all walks of life. Prophet Muhammad (s) asked people to make Islam beautiful with their graceful conduct and helping attitude. A person once inquired him about Islam and he replied that Islam is speaking kind words and feeding people. When asked again he told that Islam is patience and forgiveness. Subhanallah! In several of its verses, Quran asks people to inculcate good manners and refrain from shameful deeds in open and in secret. 

  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol 8, Book 73, No. 56: Narrated Masruq-‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr added, Allah’s Apostle said, ‘The best among you are those who have the best manners and character.”
  • Al-Quran 2:177 Virtue does not consist in whether you face towards the East or the West; virtue means believing in God, the Last Day, the angels, the Book and the prophets; the virtuous are those who, despite their love for it, give away their wealth to their relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to travelers and those who ask for charity, and to set slaves free, and who attend to their prayers and pay the alms, and who keep their pledges when they make them, and show patience in hardship and adversity, and in times of distress. Such are the true believers; and such are the God- fearing.
  • Al-Quran 58:9 O ye who believe! When ye hold secret counsel, do it not for iniquity and hostility, and disobedience to the Prophet; but do it for righteousness and self-restraint; and fear Allah, to Whom ye shall be brought back.
  • Al-Quran 103:2-3 Verily Man is in loss, except such as have faith, and do righteous deeds, and (join together) in the mutual teaching of truth, and of patience and constancy.
  • Al-Quran 94:7-8 Verily, with every difficulty there is relief. Therefore, when thou art free, still labour hard.
  • Al-Quran 2:180- It is prescribed, when death approaches any of you, if he leave any goods that he make a bequest to parents and next of kin, according to reasonable usage; this is due from the Allah-fearing.
  • Al-Quran 6:120 Eschew all sin, open or secret: those who earn sin will get due recompense for their “earnings.”
  • Al-Quran 29:45- Recite what is sent of the Book by inspiration to thee, and establish regular Prayer: for Prayer restrains from shameful and unjust deeds; and remembrance of Allah is the greatest (thing in life) without doubt. And Allah knows the (deeds) that ye do.
  • Al-Quran 41:34- Nor can goodness and Evil be equal. Repel (Evil) with what is better: Then will he between whom and thee was hatred become as it were thy friend and intimate!
  • Al-Quran 49:12 O ye who believe! Avoid suspicion as much (as possible): for suspicion in some cases is a sin: And spy not on each other behind their backs. Would any of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? Nay, ye would abhor it… But fear Allah: For Allah is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.
  • Al-Quran 7:26- O ye Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you. But the raiment of righteousness,- that is the best. Such are among the Signs of Allah, that they may receive admonition!
  • Al-Quran 16:125- Invite (all) to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious: for thy Lord knoweth best, who have strayed from His Path, and who receive guidance.
  • Al-Quran 42:23 It is that of which Allah gives good tidings to His servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will through kinship.” And whoever commits a good deed – We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.
  • Al-Quran 42:38-43 Those who hearken to their Lord, and establish regular Prayer; who (conduct) their affairs by mutual Consultation; who spend out of what We bestow on them for Sustenance; And those who, when an oppressive wrong is inflicted on them, (are not cowed but) help and defend themselves. The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree): but if a person forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah: for (Allah) loveth not those who do wrong. But indeed if any do help and defend themselves after a wrong (done) to them, against such there is no cause of blame. The blame is only against those who oppress men and wrong-doing and insolently transgress beyond bounds through the land, defying right and justice: for such there will be a penalty grievous. But indeed if any show patience and forgive, that would truly be an exercise of courageous will and resolution in the conduct of affairs.
  • Miskat-ul Masabeeh 5813- Sahabas (r) reported that Prophet was a shy person. When he would see something unpleasant or shameful, we could sense the severe unease on his face.
  • Miskat-ul Masabeeh 5331- If someone prays, fasts or indulge in philanthropic activities and charity for the sake of show-off, then  its akin to hypocrisy and blasphemy
  • Miskat-ul Masabeeh 4988- Ibn Masood (r) reported that a person once asked Prophet (s) that how he can know whether he is a good or a bad person. Prophet replied- “When you hear you neighbour saying good about you, you are good and if says otherwise, you are bad.”
  • Sahih Muslim- Whosoever of you sees an evil, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then let him change it with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart- and that is the weakest form of faith.
  • Riyadh-al-saliheen Vol 1, Hadith 7- Allah does not look at your bodies nor your forms but He looks at your hearts and your actions.
  • Sahih Bukhari 73- Prophet (s) said- “Do not wish to be like anyone except in two cases. (The first is) A person, whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it righteously; (the second is) the one whom Allah has given wisdom and he acts according to it and teaches it to others.”
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 12A man asked the Prophet, “What sort of deeds or qualities of Islam are good?” The Prophet replied, ‘To feed (the poor) and greet those whom you know and those whom you do not Know.’ 
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 116-Allah’s Apostle said- “Truthfulness leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. And a man keeps on telling the truth until he becomes a truthful person. Falsehood leads to Al Fajur (i.e. wickedness, evil-doing), and Al Fajur (wickedness) leads to the (Hell) Fire, and a man may keep on telling lies till he is written before Allah, a liar.
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 83: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “Whoever does not give up false statements (i.e. telling lies), and evil deeds, and speaking bad words to others, Allah is not in need of his (fasting) leaving his food and drink.”
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 8, Book 73, Number 135: Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength, but the strong is the one who controls himself while in anger.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari Vol 7, Book 65, Number 286, Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari: The Prophet said, “Give food to the hungry, pay a visit to the sick and release (set free) the one in captivity (by paying his ransom).”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol 7, Book 72, Number 773, Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: Allah’s Apostle cursed those men who are in the similitude (assume the manners) of women and those women who are in the similitude (assume the manners) of men.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol 8, Book 73, Number 10-Narrated Abu Sufyan: That Emperor Heraclius sent for me and asked, “What did the Prophet order you to do?” I replied, “He orders us to offer prayers; to give alms; to be chaste; and to keep good relations with our relatives.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol 8, Book 73, Number 43, Narrated Aisha: The Prophet said, Gabriel continued to recommend me about treating the neighbours in a kind and polite manner, so much so that I thought that he would order (me) to make them (my) heirs.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol 8, Book 74, Number 250: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “The young should greet the old, the passer by should greet the sitting one, and the small group of persons should greet the large group of persons. ”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol 8, Book 74, Number 286, The Prophet said, “A man should not make another man get up from his (the latter’s) seat (in a gathering) in order to sit there.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Vol. 8, Book 76, Hadith 541: Narrated Abu Huraira-Allah’s Messenger said, “Whoever has wronged his brother, should ask for his pardon (before his death), as (in the Hereafter) there will be neither a Dinar nor a Dirham. (He should secure pardon in this life) before some of his good deeds are taken and paid to his brother, or, if he has done no good deeds, some of the bad deeds of his brother are taken to be loaded on him (in the Hereafter).
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 8, Book 77, Hadith 605: Narrated Ibn Umar: The Prophet forbade vowing and said, “In fact, vowing does not prevent anything, but it makes a miser to spend his property.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 89, Hadith 298, Narrated `Aisha: Allah’s Messenger (s) said, “The most hated person in the sight of Allah, is the most quarrelsome person.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 90, Hadith 341, Narrated Saad bin Ubaid: (the Maula of `Abdur-Rahman bin Azhar) Allah’s Messenger (s) said, “None of you should long for death, for if he is a good man, he may increase his good deeds, and if he is an evil-doer, he may stop the evil deeds and repent.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 91, Hadith 361, Narrated Anas-The Prophet (s) said, “For every nation there is an Amin (honest, trustworthy person) and the Amin of this nation is Abu ‘Ubaida.
  • Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 9, Book 92, Hadith 382, Narrated `Abdullah: The best talk (speech) is Allah’s Book ‘Qur’an), and the best way is the way of Muhammad, and the worst matters are the heresies (those new things which are introduced into the religion); and whatever you have been promised will surely come to pass, and you cannot escape (it).
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 41, Number 578, Narrated Abu Huraira, “The Prophet owed a camel of a certain age to a man who came to demand it back. The Prophet ordered his companions to give him. They looked for a camel of the same age but found nothing but a camel one year older. The Prophet told them to give it to him. The man said, “You have paid me in full, and may Allah pay you in full.” The Prophet said, “The best amongst you is he who pays his debts in the most handsome manner.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 3, Book 41, Number 591, Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu’ba: The Prophet said, “Allah has forbidden for you, (1) to be undutiful to your mothers, (2) to bury your daughters alive, (3) to not to pay the rights of the others (e.g. charity, etc.) and (4) to beg of men (begging). And Allah has hated for you (1) vain, useless talk, or that you talk too much about others, (2) to ask too many questions, (in disputed religious matters) and (3) to waste the wealth by extravagance.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 3, Book 41, Number 592, I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “Everyone of you is a guardian, and responsible for what is in his custody. The ruler is a guardian of his subjects and responsible for them; a husband is a guardian of his family and is responsible for it; a lady is a guardian of her husband’s house and is responsible for it, and a servant is a guardian of his master’s property and is responsible for it.” I heard that from Allah’s Apostle and I think that the Prophet also said, “A man is a guardian of is father’s property and is responsible for it, so all of you are guardians and responsible for your wards and things under your care.”
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 41, Number 597, Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: A man was often cheated in buying. The Prophet said to him, “When you buy something, say (to the seller), No cheating.” The man used to say so thenceforward.
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 65, Number 286: Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari: The Prophet said, “Give food to the hungry, pay a visit to the sick and release (set free) the one in captivity (by paying his ransom).
  • Sahih Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 64, Number 265:  Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “The one who looks after a widow or a poor person is like a Mujahid (warrior) who fights for Allah’s Cause, or like him who performs prayers all the night and fasts all the day.” 
  • Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 7, Book 64, Number 263: Narrated Abu Mas’ud Al-Ansari: The Prophet said, “When a Muslim spends something on his family intending to receive Allah’s re- ward it is regarded as Sadaqa for him.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 673: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “While a dog was going round a well and was about to die of thirst, an Israeli prostitute saw it and took off her shoe and watered it. So Allah forgave her because of that good deed.” 
  • Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 764: Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet never criticized any food (presented him), but he would eat it if he liked it; otherwise, he would leave it (without expressing his dislike)
  • Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56, Number 768: Narrated ‘Aisha: The Prophet used to talk so clearly that if somebody wanted to count the number of his words, he could do so. Narrated Urwa bin Az-Zubair: ‘Aisha said (to me), “Don’t you wonder at Abu so-and-so who came and sat by my dwelling and started relating the traditions of Allah’s Apostle intending to let me hear that, while I was performing an optional prayer. He left before I finished my optional prayer. Had I found him still there. I would have said to him, ‘Allah’s Apostle never talked so quickly and vaguely as you do.”
  • Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 34, Number 267: Narrated An-Nu’man bin Bashir: The Prophet said “Both legal and illegal things are obvious, and in between them are (suspicious) doubtful matters. So whoever forsakes those doubtful things lest he may commit a sin, will definitely avoid what is clearly illegal; and who-ever indulges in these (suspicious) doubtful things bravely, is likely to commit what is clearly illegal. Sins are Allah’s Hima (i.e. private pasture) and whoever pastures (his sheep) near it, is likely to get in it at any moment.” 

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